28% of Americans were infected with Influenza in 1918 and approximately 675,000 died.
During the same time as WW1 there was a pandemic of influenza that killed millions of people world wide. It is commonly called the Spanish Flu.
Relocating personnel and equipment to multiple locations is a protective measure employers can take during a pandemic
It's influenza and the pandemic started the year WW1 ended
Influenza. There wasn't just the influenze pandemic of 1918! there was manyy manyy more! trench foot, lice, rats, the three-day ((early signs of influenza reapearing))
Influenza is everywhere there are people and other species that are susceptible to the flu. If this is referring specifically to the H1N1/09 swine flu in 2009 during the pandemic, it did eventually spread to every continent and every country in the world.
It has been called the Spanish Flu and broke out in 1918, lasting approximately 2 years with millions upon millions of victims and deaths throughout the world. It was a Type A influenza virus and was a subtype of H1N1 (but different from "swine flu").
during a pandemic, a major consideration for first-response agencies is the:
It is unlikely we will need one for that particular strain of flu that killed tens of millions of people worldwide in the pandemic of 1918 during WW1. That influenza virus is thought to have "died out" and is not seen today. If it were to surface again, there would be no cure for it just as there is no cure for any type of influenza. However, since 1918 we have learned a lot about treating the symptoms of influenza and now have antiviral drugs to help with those symptoms. In addition, as with the Swine Flu H1N1/09, health organizations, pharmaceutical companies and the Food and Drug Administration would rapidly start work to develop a vaccine to prevent infections. Antibiotics for secondary infections and pneumonia and vaccines for the flu were not yet developed during the Spanish Flu pandemic. If another pandemic of that virus were to occur today, we would have fewer deaths due to our medical advances, but it could still be a very serious pandemic as was H1N1/09.
The Spanish Flu Pandemic, also known as La Grippe Espagnole, La Pesadilla, or the 1918 flu, was a pandemic caused by an unusually severe and deadly strain of the subtype H1N1 of the species Influenza A virus. In that pandemic, 50 million to 100 million people worldwide were killed during about a year in 1918 and 1919 . The Allies of World War I called it the "Spanish Flu". This was mainly because the pandemic received greater press attention in Spain than in the rest of the world, as Spain was not involved in the war and there was no wartime censorship in Spain.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed a system for alerts and communication of the severity or spread of an influenza epidemic, for purposes of preparedness for an influenza pandemic (see below for definition of pandemic), for the US National Preparedness Plan. They have defined six phases of outbreaks that have potential to become an influenza pandemic.2011 ~ We are currently in the Post Pandemic Phase.A synopsis of each phase's definition is provided below, for the full information from the WHO, see the related links section near the bottom of this answer page.Phase 1In nature, flu viruses circulate continuously among animals. Even though such viruses might develop into pandemic viruses, no viruses circulating among animals at the present time have been reported to cause infections in humans.Phase 2An animal influenza virus that is currently circulating among domesticated or wild animals is known to have caused infection in humans, and is therefore considered a potential pandemic threat.Phase 3There are small clusters of animal-human virus infecting people at present, these are being monitored, but it has currently not resulted in human-to-human transmission frequency sufficient to sustain community-level outbreaks, which would be required to initiate pandemic proportions.Phase 4There is human-to-human transmission of animal or human-animal virus able to create sustained community level outbreaks which significantly raises the level of risk of a pandemic, but does not indicate that a pandemic is a fore-gone conclusion.Phase 5Large areas of human-to-human transmission are occurring, and the spread has extended to at least two countries in the same region, which is a strong signal that pandemic is imminent, and containment procedures and preparedness should be being finalized.Phase 6The Pandemic Phase. The community level outbreaks of the virus are continually spreading among people and to at least one other country in a second region globally, and WHO declares a global pandemic is under way.The Pandemic will progress through the post peak period of the pandemic phase and then to the post pandemic phase.The Post Pandemic PhaseWhen the peak period of infection has passed and only a few outbreaks here and there remain, the WHO will declare the pandemic is over and the Post Pandemic Phase is begun. There will be continued observation and monitoring during of waves of the pandemic recurring before finally returning to the normal seasonal levels.World Health Organization has announced that the world is now in the Post Pandemic Phase of the H1N1/09 pandemic.World Health Organization Definition of Pandemic:"An influenza pandemic occurs with the appearance of a new influenza virus against which none of us has any immunity. This results in several, simultaneous epidemics worldwide with high numbers of cases and deaths. With the increase in global transport and communications, as well as urbanization and overcrowded conditions, epidemics due to the new influenza virus are likely to be established quickly around the world."