Six of them.
numbers with patterns; consecutive numbers: 1,2,3,4... consecutive even numbers: 2,4,6,8... and many more Consecutive numbers are numbers that come one after another. For example 5, 6, 7 or 99 and 100.
all odd numbers, which are infinite, are not divisible by two.
Defining "consecutive" as "following continuously in unbroken or logical sequence," it is possible to have many different types of consecutive things: consecutive days, months, odd numbers, even numbers, etc. The list you have is consecutive, they are consecutive multiples of ten.
between 1 and 600 inclusive there are:300 numbers divisible by 2200 numbers divisible by 3100 numbers divisible by both 2 and 3400 numbers divisible by 2 or 3.
All real numbers are divisible by 2. Only the even numbers (there are infinitely many) are divisible by 2 without remainder.
There are no consecutive rational numbers. Between any two rational numbers there are an infinity of rational numbers.
There are 600 5-digit numbers divisible by 150.
An infinite number.
There are eight sets of 3 consecutive numbers in 12 hours.
Nine of them.