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You must first write an equation for the line through the point perpendicular to the line. Then, find the intersection between the two lines. Lastly, use this point and the distance formula to find the length of the perpendicular segment connecting the given point and the original line. That will lead to the following formula, d = |AX1+BY1- C|/(sqrt(A2+B2)), Where A, B and C represent the coefficients of the given line in standard form and (X1,Y1) is the given point.

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Q: How to Derive the formula of distance between a point and a line?

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