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The two numbers are 125 and 55

You can make 2 equations

1) x + y = 180

2) x+ 40 =3y

If you rearrange equation 2 you get x=3y-40

You can now put this in for x in equation 1

(3y-40) +y = 180

3y + y = 180 + 40

4y = 220

y=55

If you plug this in for y in equation 1 you get

X + 55 = 180

x= 125

Check with equation 2

x+ 40 =3y

125+40=3x55

165=165

Therefore the two numbers are 125 and 55

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Q: The sum of 2 numbers is 180. One number is 40 more than 3x the other Find the numbers?
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