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Q: What is one-fourth of forty-eight?
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How to write the number 48 in words?

fortyeight


What is the number fortyeight in German?

It is: achtundvierzig (eight and forty).


How would you write fortyeight thousandths as a decimal?

0.048


What is twelve over fortyeight reduced to?

1/4


What is the standard form for forty billion fortyeight million?

40,048,000,000


If you have 24 chromosomes during prophase in mitosis how many chromatids does it have?

fortyeight


What is the second letter of a seven letter word meaning onefourth?

u as in quarter


Is the radius of a circle onefourth the length of a diameter?

No. The radius is half of the diameter.


The fortyeight state admitted to the union was?

Arizona. Became the 48th state on Feb. 14th, 1912.


What part of earth is covered in water onefourth onehalf or threefourths?

Three-fourths, or 3/4.


How many centimeters are in one and onefourth of an inch?

1in = 2.54cm 1.25in x 2.54cm/in = 3.18cm


How many eights are in fortyeight?

If it's a serious question, six; if it's a trick then just the one that comes after the 4.


How many cup Manchester United win over all?

Manchester united win fortyeight cup over all


What state in lower fortyeight states has the highest latitude?

Minnesota. There's a little point that sticks up beyond 49N.


How many 4 inches by 8 inches bricks are need to build a walk 6ft wide and 24 feet long?

six hundred and fortyeight


How many pints are in fortyeight fl oz?

3 pints 1 pint = 16 ounces 1 ounce = 0.06 pint


What is the heartrate for a fortyeight year old man?

70-100 beats per minute is normal resting heart rate. Lower is okay with athletes or sometimes with heart medication.


How do you get your gun permit for fortyeight states?

First, we'd need to know what you meant by "gun permit". If you're referring to a concealed carry permit, there is no such permit covering all 48 states.


How is onefourth the same as 0.25?

one fourth is the same as .25, because .25 or 25cents is one fourth of 100 or a dollar,same as saying a fourth of 100 or a dollar is .25 or25 cents. Hope that helped, if it didn't ask an adult or a teacher, they might be able to help a little bit more


How would i set up this equation Two consecutive numbers onefourth of the first number is one more than onefifth of the second number?

Suppose the first number is x. Then the second number is x+1. A fourth of the first number is x/4 A fifth of the second number is (x+1)/5 So the equation is x/4 = (x+1)/5 + 1 Multiplying though by 20: 5x = 4x + 4 + 20 = 4x + 24 Subtracting 4x from both sides: x = 24


Alphabetical order of numbers?

What number are you counting to? That will determine where certain numbers are placed. If you are counting 0 to 10.... # eight # five # four # nine # one # seven # six # ten # three # two # zero But, if you are counting 0 to 100.... # eight # eighteen # eighty # eightyeight # eightyfive # eightyfour # eightynine # eightyone # eightyseven # eightysix # eightythree # eightytwo # eleven # fifteen # fifty # fiftyeight # fiftyfive # fiftyfour # fiftynine # fiftyone # fiftyseven # fiftysix # fiftythree # fiftytwo # five # forty # fortyeight # fortyfive # fortyfour # fortynine # fortyone # fortyseven # fortysix # fortythree # fortytwo # Four # fourteen # nine # nineteen # ninety # ninetyeight # ninetyfive # ninetyfour # ninetynine # ninetyone # ninetyseven # ninetysix # ninetythree # ninetytwo # one # one hundred # seven # Seventeen # seventy # seventyeight # seventyfive # seventyfour # seventynine # seventyone # seventyseven # seventysix # seventythree # seventytwo # Six # sixteen # sixty # sixtyeight # sixtyfive # sixtyfour # sixtynine # sixtyone # sixtyseven # sixtysix # sixtythree # sixtytwo # ten # thirteen # thirty # thirtyeight # thirtyfive # thirtyfour # thirtynine # thirtyone # thirtyseven # thirtysix # thirtythree # thirtytwo # three # twelve # twenty # twentyeight # twentyfive # twentyfour # twentynine # twentyone # twentyseven # twentysix # twentythree # twentytwo # two # zero


What are some things in South Dakota that begin with the letter F?

Things in South Dakota which begin with the letter F include:Cities: Fairburn, Fairfax, Fairview, Faith, Farmer, Faulkton, Fedora, Ferney, Firesteel, Flandreau, Florence, Forestburg, Fort Pierre, Fort Thompson, Frankfort, Frederick, Freeman, Fruitdale, and FultonCounties: Fall River and FaulkState Park: Farm IslandBodies of Water: Fall River, False Bottom Creek, Fantail Creek, Fish Lake, Fishgut Creek, Flandreau Creek, Flat Lake, Flint Rock Creek, Flynn Creek, Foot Creek, Fortyeight Mile Creek, Foster Creek, Foumile Creek, Fourmile Lake, Fox Creek, Fox Lake, Franklin Creek, French Creek, Frozen Man Creek, Furlong Creek Also: Lake Francis Case


Who composed the music for Indiana Jones?

Answer 1Andy WilliamsAndy WilliamsAnswer 2.The music including the catchy theme used at most exciting parts in all the Indiana Jones movies was in fact composed by JOHN TOWERS WILLIAMS and is performed by the London Symphony Orchestra.John Williams who was born on 8th February 1932 in New York is widely considered to be the world's most famous composers of movie music of all time as well as being one of the greatest composers of classical music in the 20th and 21st centuries. He also composed the music for very many extremely famous movies including Star Wars, Jaws, ET, Jurassic Park, Schindlers List, Saving Private Ryan, Close Encounters of the 3rd Kind, and the first three Harry Potter movies. Other often performed well known music he has composed includes the theme music for four Olympic Games, NBC Nightly News on TV and the series Lost in Space on TV . With fortyeight Academy Award nominations, John Williams is the second most nominated person, after Walt Disney. He has also won five Academy Awards, seven British Academy Awards, twenty-one Grammy Awards and four Golden Globe Awards for his compositions.Outside the world of movies, John Williams is a talented concert pianist and orchestral conductor and has also composed many classical music works including fifteen Concertos for various instruments and Symphony Orchestra, Six chamber works and nineteen other concert works for Symphony Orchestra. He was Principal Conductor of the Boston Pops orchestra from 1980 to 1993. John Williams today continues to make annual appearances with the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra at the Hollywood Bowl and was Conductor and composer in that orchestra's gala concert for the Walt Disney Concert Hall in 2003.


Who ended slavery?

Abraham Lincoln proclaimed the Emancipation Proclamation in two parts. The first, on September 22, 1862 said that slaves in states in rebellion would be freed unless the states returned to the Union by January 1, 1863. It had no immediate effect, since slaves in Union states weren't freed and the Union had no control over Confederate states. The second part, issued on January 1, 1863, named the states still in rebellion to whom the proclamation applied. The listed areas and exceptions were:Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, (except the Parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. Johns, St. Charles, St. James Ascension, Assumption, Terrebonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the City of New Orleans) Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South-Carolina, North-Carolina, and Virginia, (except the fortyeight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth-City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth[)], and which excepted parts, are for the present, left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.Although it had no immediate effect other than to get some border states and part of Virginia (which became West Virginia) to proclaim loyalty to the Union so that they could keep their slaves, slaves were freed in areas conquered by the Union army. In each place conquered, the army announced to slaves that they had been freed due to the Emancipation Proclamation.Fighting continued until Spring of 1865, when the last battles of the Civil War took place. When General McClellan landed his forces at Galveston, Texas on June 19, 1865, the announcement that the slaves had been freed by the Emancipation Proclamation was made for the last time, two years and five months after the proclamation's effective date. This is the origin of the Juneteenth celebration. Of course news of the Emancipation Proclamation had preceded this by quite some time, and most slaves had known about it but been unable, due to circumstances to take advantage of it, being held in Confederate states.At this time slavery was still legal in the United States. On January 31, 1865 Congress had passed the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America proposing that slavery and involuntary servitude be illegal except as punishment for crime.At the time of the amendment there were thirty-six states, so for the required three/fourths majority they needed twenty-seven states to ratify the amendment. This happened on December 6, 1865, when Georgia was the twenty-seventh state to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, finally ending slavery in the United States of America.Eventually all the rest of the thirty-six states of that time ratified the Thirteenth Amendment. Notable late-comers were Kentucky who ratified on March 18, 1976, and Mississippi who made it unanimous when the state ratified on March 16, 1995, one hundred thirty years after the Thirteenth Amendment took effect. The fourteen states which joined the United States subsequently, inherited the Constitution as it existed on the date of statehood, and didn't get to ratify amendments which preceded their entry into the Union.


Why is the Lado enclave in Africa not independent?

The Lado Enclave was leased to King Leopold II as a personal consession for his lifetime. With his death, it was returned to British control. And the British have always blocked the Independence issue of Lado in the Sudan Central Africa .How ?TOPIC : THE DECOLONISATION ISSUE OF LADO IN THE WATER SHED REGION OF AFRICA STILL .LADO ISSUE WITH SUDAN , D R CONGO AND UGANDA AS THE COUNTRY NEIGHBOURS TO LADOPART 1REPUBLIC OF SUDAN STATE AS AN ISSUE OVER LADOTo begin with and in the first place I am writing , I am using the Official name of the STATE OF LADO , the State of Lado I am talking about is bordered by Sudan to the North , by Ethiopia and Kenya to the North - East , by Uganda to the East , by Zaire / Congo to the West and by the Central Africa Republic to the North - West . And the name Lado is the correct Identity of the people of Lado . Take a look at the Map of Lado ( IN THE PART OF THE HISTORIC MAP OF LADO IN AFRICA ) long since established on the World Maps and please Pin or put in Browse to open to see the Map of Lado in its Geographical position to its Neighboring Country States surrounding it :The following are the Regions of Lado :1 . ITURI REGION - ( Bordered by the Zaire / Congo to the West ) ,2 . NILE REGION - ( Bordered by Uganda to the East ) ,3 . TORIT REGION - ( Bordered by Sudan , Ethiopia , Kenya , and Uganda to the North - East ) ,4 . UELE REGION - ( Bordered by Zaire / Congo and Central African Republic / CAR to the North - West ) ,5 . YEI REGION - ( Bordered by Sudan and Central African Republic / CAR to the North and North - West ) .The Colonial Writings refer to Lado by different names as it suits their purposes and time : Equatoria , Lado Enclave , West Nile , Haut Nil , etc---- etc --- . The Turco - Egyptian Colonialists called it : The Equatoria Province of Egypt , The British ( at one time ) called it Lado Enclave , while the Belgians called it : Haut Nil . And now , the Foreign Occupying Administrations give different names to Lado as to what they wish to get after the Partition of Lado . An Objective , the Lado Political Authorities are fighting for tooth and Nail .Lack of Information on Lado ---It is not true that there is no Information on / about Lado but the damn true fact is that , it seems , most of the African people and especially the African Politicians , or the Educated African , do not notice anything unless it appears on BBC or American Radio / Television ( T V ) . Unfortunately Lado Politics is not being done through the BBC or the CNN , for a number of reasons which I am not going to discuss here in this essay on Lado . But still I can say the Lado People are using their time , brains , and sacrifice as much as they can of their resources for Lado . It cannot be done by sitting and waiting for somebody to give them Money to be an Independent and Sovereign State . Many of us Africans who are seen , or regard ourselves as Politicians or Scolars or Elites should have kept open eyes , open ears , open minds to look back into the past on the question of Lado . So we lack information of Lado because few only care about Lado and for the rest Lado is not important as they don't receive Money . Yet these many people know that this Region in the Heart of Africa - Lado ( known Equatoria ) has a Political Conflict unsolved since the Juba Conference in 1947 .Lado information has already been forwarded even to the African Countries who are surrounding Lado that , the Political Solution to the question of Lado , is the getting of Independence of Lado from Belgium and Britain . And this is being done and better to do it through peaceful ( Political ) Negotiations to avoid any more Bloodshed. And even all Liberation Movements and their Armies in Africa have been informed that Lado would like to reach such Political solution in her Region ( Lado ) through peaceful means .The LADO Political Strategy :In order to grasp the Lado Political System , a quick glances at the Political Stepping Stones to Lado's present difficulties on the Nile - Watershed of Africa is Required .The Sudan ( Here I am refering to the Sudan State ) as an Issue over Lado :a ) In 1927 , the British Governor General of Sudan recommended that , in order to occupy and colonise the Africans / Peoples of Lado , such as the Sudanic people of Lado , their Political Leaders ( the Agofe , the Opi -Drikulu , the Opi , Chiefs and Families ) have to be killed or exterminated .b ) And Indeed , the British Governments took this policy seriously and practised it in the State of Lado . This in return for Lado slowed down the struggle for the Independence of Lado since 1947 . The Lado Political Authorities Concerned , have all the time to make sure that , they are not exterminated . Why not ? various methods of work has to be done to minimise the chances of getting easily assassinated . If a ruling Agofe dies there is already another prepared to take over for the defence of Lado .c ) In 1947 , Juba Conference was held , which was chaired by the Chief Secretary of Anglo - Egyptian Sudan ( North Sudan , South Sudan ) and the State of Lado ( Lado Enclave / Haut Nil ) . The Juba Conference of 1947 , was to determine the case of the Independence of Lado , of which , what you now call Equatoria is a part , by the Cairo Agreement of 19 January 1899 and the Agreement of 13 December 1906 . By then , this part was not occupied by Britain . It was clear that Lado was to be Independent and Sovereign State . Lado was not and Lado is not a part of North or South or called Southern Sudan .However , in the same year of April 1947 , the issue of Lado was then raised at the United Nations / UN for the Independence of Lado . Belgium and Britain became the two Joint Administering Countries of Lado . But they never prepared Lado ( Article 73 of UN ) to be an independent and Sovereign State . Instead , on 14 April 1948 , the Prime Minister of Lado Colonel Anacleto Atobua who was being prepared as an Agofe , was assassinated by the British Authorities ; by that time of ( the Labour Government of the Rt . Hon . Clemente Richard Atlee , British Prime Minister ) .TORIT Massacres of 1955 :On 1 January 1956 , Angolo - Egyptian Sudan got Independence under the name of Sudan , from Britain . But all the preparations for the Independence of Lado was stopped by the British Authorities ; and the British hurried to give the Independence of Anglo -Egyptian Sudan after the Torit Massacres of August 1955 . and thereby ignored the fact that , there were / are Four States in that Nile Valley Basin Region : LADO , SOUTH SUDAN , NORTH SUDAN , AND EGYPT .While the People of South Sudan did not object to the inclusion of its Land and People to North Sudan , the people of Lado ( Equatoria ) protested and this was clearly demonstrated by the Liberation War the Lado people of Torit Region ,Yeyi Region and Rholi Region fought . This war was Nicknamed as the ANYANYA War from 1955 - 1972 . It was a War of Lado Liberation under Rev . Fr Saturnino Lokure ( Luhure ) , who was assassinated on 7 June 1967 . Major General Joseph Lagu of Madi Tribe ( Lado ) took over as he was the Military Officer in charge to take over .The Kokora Policy :President General Jaafar Nimeeri of Sudan by then , after the Peace Agreement of 27 March 1972 signed in Addis Ababa , in Ethiopia between the Ladoans of Equatoria Region and Sudan Government, introduced the Policy of trying to solve Lado Affairs and Sudan in the Region in a such away , the Lado Region of Equatoria was finally to be separated from that of South Sudan . This is what is locally termed as " Kokora Policy " .The New Boundary followed the Colonial Boundaries between Lado and Southern Sudan , Cairo Agreement of January 1899. And so from to that , the Ladoans who signed the Addis Ababa Agreement of 27 March 1972 with the Government of Sudan were taking , one step at a time . in order , to reach the State of the Lado Political Authority when the issue of Lado could reach a Final Solution to the Independence of Lado . So , what is called East and West Equatoria is ( North Lado ) .Meanwhile , in the Nile Region ( which in Uganda is called West Nile ) , which Britain had laid down the Border between Lado and Uganda in 1907 , was fighting the British Colonialism for the Independence of Lado . And it was this Nile Region of Lado here that if Britain got the Signature of Lado Representative, the AGOFE of Lado , then Lado would have been Killed as a Political Entity . In ITURI Region and Uele Region, under the D.R Congo / Zaire Administration ( Belgium ) the Simba Liberation fought for the Independence of Lado .But as every body knows in Lado , The AGOFE of Lado , refused to sign any Agreement with the British Authorities that the Nile Region ( West Nile and Madi ) was to become , British East Africa or Protectorate of Uganda . So , just before the Independence of Uganda on 12 September 1962 The Agofe of Lado ( John Bart Agami Onzima II ) , was arrested and quickly Sentenced to 7 Years of imprisonment , and imprisoned in Luzira Prison at Kampala in Uganda , for not Signing the Annexation Treaty or Document .Lado Political Authorities :The Lado Political Authorities , since 1947 , worked together with the Liberation Groups of ( Ituri - Uele - Torit - Rholi - Yeyi ) of Lado ( Equatoria ) ; based in the Nile Region of Lado . One of the Political Leaders of Lado ( North Lado ) , Rev. Father Saturnino Lokure who by the time was in South Lado ( Nile Region of Lado ) was Killed in Uganda by the Uganda Army , when he and some of his Assistants went to collect Medical Supplies for the Refugees and Diplaced Ladoans from Yeyi ,Torit , Rholi ( Equatoria ) . This was in the Catholic Mission of Laco in Acholi , Uganda . All Yei , Torit , Rholi Politicians know that very well . And they are able to figure out Why ? It falls within the Governor General Sir John Maffey Policy or Reccomendation of 1927 . Uganda and other British Commonwealth Countries are still under British Sovereignty ( AUTHORITY ) . They help Carry out UK Policy /ies .On 25 January 1971 , Major General Idi Amin Dada a Kakua - Kuku and of Lado Origin , became the President of Uganda , The AGOFE of Lado returned from Exile in France , and hoped to work with Uganda gradually , and to reach a Political Solution on the Issue of Lado . But things did not work that way , although by 1973 , He managed to Confirm the Boundary Agreement between Lado and Uganda 0f 1907 ( fixed by Sir Wiston S . Churchill ) , by the Agreement of 31 May 1973 ; the Nile Conference held in Kampala , Uganda . This Boundary Agreement is between the Jonam and Madi of Lado and the Acholi of Uganda . It is River Ayugi which is the dividing Natural Feature . But Again the AGOFE's Life was threatened , so He left Lado in 1974 to continue life in Exile as before since 1962 . He is a Political Refugee for nearly 50 Years as a Stateless Refugee of Lado .On 11 April 1979 ,General Idi Amin Dada was overthrown and the Amin Regime in Uganda was over - thrown . The Ladoans of Sudanic Origin were chased and Massacared with Impunity in Uganda , and , even , in Nile Region of Lado itself , ( known in Uganda as West Nile ) , over 350 , 000 People of Lado were Massacred / Perished . It was Recognised by Uganda that , Ladoans are Foreigners in Uganda . Ugandans are / were Right . Because Ladoans' Country Lado is not yet Independent as a Political Entity . Truely in this War of 1979 ,this time , the Nile Region Ladoans ran to Yeyi - Torit - Rholi - Uele - Ituri Regions of Lado . By 1986 about 500,000 Sudanic of Lado were Killed . And also in 1983 SPLM was foundedIn the same Year , 9 May 1979 , The Sudanic Refugee Organisation / SRO was formed by the AGOFE and the Chiefs of Lado to Protect the People of Lado and the Land of Lado . And the Provisional Government of Lado was formed on 7 March 1987 on the date , AGOFE of Lado , Karanga Ayingani Ajua who was assassinated by the Britain ( Turkey and Egypt on 7 March 1887 .FORMATION OF SPLM IN 1983Between 1985 and 1987 to the present time Ladoans have been working hard to prevent Britain using SPLM / SPLA Chairman of Sudan under Colonel John Garang and Uganda under President Yoweri Museveni . In fact President Yoweri Museveni and Colonel John Garang reached a Secreet Agreement over Lado , with the Support of Britain and United State of America , USA .That is why Britain and USA are very Keen on the Issue of an Independent South Sudan , hoping that, they will make it destroy Lado and prevent the Equatoria Region to be a part of of Lado . The Religion Factor of MOSLEM / CHRISTIAN is a Cover- up for destroying the State of Lado . The Ladoans do not know how the African Politicians / Elites see and understand the Sudan SPLM / SPLA wars which are meant to fight the North Sudan Government of Khartum , are always fought in Equatoria ( Lado ) .The Villages destroyed are those in Equatoria , the Leaders of Equatoria get Assassinated or Killed such as Mr . Joseph Oduho , when at SPLM / SPLA Meetings . To the the People of Lado ( Ladoans ) , the Dinka - Nuer - Shiluk , Jo - Luo Regions of Southern Sudan Country People are being used by Britain to help them to destroy LADO as a State - Nation . They are also busy working on to Control all so called Elites of Equatoria ( Lado ) to work for them to inclulde the Region ( Equaoria / Lado ) as part of South or so called Christian Southern Sudan Country to become Independent . Lado says Big NO and NO to this Britain's Plans being supported by United States of America , ( USA ) . They are using the United Nations ( UN ) as the Institute to implement their Plans . To Creat the Southern / or South Sudan as a Country . But every body knows there was one time a Country in the Nile Basin called South Sudan State Country and indeed separate from North Sudan State Country and State Country of Lado . ( Ref : The Map of Africa 1895 )Another witty People along side working to destroy Lado , if Ladoans may be wrong are the many people working in Churches , are being used to help Britain to Kill Lado . Especially such People are being paid special attention and treatment in the terms of ( Money , Property owns and Honour ) under the British Proptection and Governments . USA leads here too when it comes to the Creating Issue of the Independence Issue of Southern Sudan .Well , Ladoans know for themselves and they do understand how difficult it is for one to Risk and Sacrifice so much in order to work for Lado . No Independence and Sovereignty come easily anyway .PART IIThe LADO Political Strategy :In order to grasp the Lado Political System , a quick glances at the Political Stepping Stones to Lado's present difficulties in the Nile - Watershed of Africa is Required .The Sudan ( Here I am refering to the Sudan State as a whole given Independence by the Anglo/ Sudan Condominium in 1956 ; that is including the newly created present South Sudan State out of the Republic of Sudan ) as an Issue over Lado :a ) In 1927 , the British Governor General of Sudan recommended that , in order to occupy and colonise the Africans / Peoples of Lado , such as in particular , the Sudanic people of Lado , their Political Leaders the AGOFE - Chief of State , the OPI DRIKULU - Head Chiefs , the OPI - Chiefs and BA-RUINI - Families ) have to be killed or exterminated ..b ) And Indeed , the British Governments took this policy seriously and practised it in the State of Lado . This in return for Lado slowed down the struggle for the Independence of Lado since 1947 . The Lado Political Authorities Concerned , have all the time to make sure that , they are not exterminated . So various methods of work has to be done to minimise the chances of getting easily assassinated ; that is if a ruling AGOFE - Chief of State dies there is already another prepared to take over for the defence of Lado .c ) In 1947 , Juba Conference was held , which was chaired by the Chief Secretary of Anglo - Egyptian Sudan ( North Sudan , South Sudan as one State ) and the State of Lado ( Lado Enclave / Haut Nil . The Juba Conference of 1947 , was to determine the case of the Independence of Lado , of which , what you now call Equatoria is a part , by the Cairo Agreement of 19 January 1899 and the Agreement of 13 December 1906 . By then , this part was not occupied by Britain . It was clear that Lado was to be Independent and Sovereign State . Lado was not and Lado is not a part of North or South or called Southern Sudan at all till todate .However , in the same year of April 1947 , the issue of Lado was then raised at the United Nations / UN for the Independence of Lado . Belgium and Britain became the two Joint Administering Countries of Lado . But they ( both Britain and Belgium failed ) never prepared liked to prepare Lado following ( Article 73 of UN) to be an Independent and Sovereign State . Instead , on 14 April 1948 , the Prime Minister of Lado Colonel Anacleto Atobua who was being prepared as an AGOFE - Chief of State / King , was assassinated by the British Authorities - by that time ( in the Ruling Administration period of the Labour Government of the Rt . Hon . Clemente Richard Atlee ) , British Prime Minister by then .TORIT Massacres of 1955 in Lado :On 1 January 1956 , Anglo/Egyptian Sudan got Independence under the name of Sudan , from Britain . But all the preparations for the Independence of Lado was stopped by the British Authorities and the British hurried to give the Independence of Anglo/Egyptian Sudan after the Torit Massacres of August 1955 to have ignored and thereby ignored the fact that , there were / are still Four States in that Nile Valley Basin Region of Africa : LADO STATE , SOUTH SUDAN STATE , NORTH SUDAN STATE , and EGYPT .While the People of South Sudan did not object to the inclusion of its Land and People to the North Sudan by then , the people of Lado ( Equatoria ) protested and this was clearly demonstrated by the Liberation War the Lado people of Torit Region ,Yeyi Region and Rholi Region fought . This war was Nicknamed and known as the ANYANYA War from 1955 - 1972 . It was a War of Lado Liberation under Rev . Fr Saturnino Lokure ( Luhure ) , who was assassinated on 7 June 1967 . Major General Joseph Lagu of Madi Tribe ( Lado ) directly took over then as he was the Military Officer in charge to do so .The Kokora Policy - What was it about this Policy ?President , Major - General Jaafar Neimeri of the State Republic of Sudan ( North and South Sudan United or Unified Independent ) by then , after the Peace Ageement of 27 March 1972 signed in Addis Ababa in Ethiopia , between the Ladoans of Equatoria Region and Sudan Government, introduced the Policy of trying to solve Lado Affairs and Sudan in the Region in a such away , the LADO Region Territory , known ever before as ( Equatoria province Egypt ) was finally to be seperated from that of South Sudan . This is what was / is locally termed as " Kokora Policy " till todate .The New Boundary followed the Colonial Boundaries between LADO and SOUTHERN SUDAN , by the Cairo Agreement of January 1899. And so from to that , the Ladoans who signed the Addis Ababa Agreement of 27 March 1972 with the Government of Sudan were taking , one step at a time inorder to reach the State of the Lado Political Authority when the issue of Lado could reach a Final Solution to the Total Independence of Lado . So , what is called East and West Equatoria in Southern Sudan is part of North Lado or is ( North Lado ) .THE NILE REGION IN UGANDA .Meanwhile , in the Nile Region part of Lado ( which in Uganda is called West Nile ) , which Britain had laid down the Border between Lado and Uganda in 1907 , was fighting the British Colonialism for the Independence of Lado . And it was this Nile Region of Lado here , that , if Britain got the Signature of Lado Representative , the "AGOFE - CHIEF OF STATE/KING " of Lado , then LADO would have been Killed as a Nation Political Entity .But as every body knows in Lado , The AGOFE of Lado , refused to sign any Agreement with the British Authorities that the Nile Region ( West Nile and Madi ) was to become , the British East Africa or Protectorate of Uganda . So , just before the Independence of Uganda on 12 September 1962 , The AGOFE of Lado ( John Bart Agami Onzima II ) who is still a life in a Political Exile , was arrested and quickly Sentenced to 7 Years of imprisonment , and imprisoned in Luzira Prison at Kampala in Uganda , for not Signing the Annexation or Document for Lado to be under the British Empire Rule like Uganda so had become under the British Authority Rule which till today is , though independent , is Under Britsh Rule . ( Best to discuss this issue on " What British Commonwealth means to African " .ITURI REGION AND UELE REGION IN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO / ZAIRE .In ITURI Region and UELE Region , under the D.R Congo / Zaire Administration ( Belgium Colony ) the Simba War Liberation was fought for the Independence of Lado .PART IIIA GENERAL COMMUNICATION TO THE DIFFERENT PEOPLE OF AFRICA AND THE WORLD AT LARGE :This is a Communication matter to inform the different People of Africa and the World at large that The State of Lado is still an Occupied Territory by Belgium and Britain, and not yet an INDEPENDENT SOVEREIGN STATE in Africa . The People of Lado are struggling for the Independence of Lado and Sovereignty of Lado since 1947 till todate ( 3000 A.D ) . Taking all issues into account , the State of Lado should have been an Independent and Sovereign State Country at most now since 1960 . But Britain blocked again the Independence of Lado which was to be on 9 May 1960 . Britain has been blocking and continues so at all times when it comes over to the issue of the Independence and Sovereignty of Lado since till todate am writing this history of past and present in the ( 3000 a.d) and sincerely to say this is in VIOLATION OF THE ARTICLES 1 and 73 of the Charter of the United Nations of 26 June 1945 , and THE ARTICLES 6 , 12 , 15 of Berlin Treaty of 26 February 1885 ; inclulding all instruments of International Law .The Lado Decolonisation IssueThis Communication on the Question of Lado ( Decolonisation ) is o given a chance to clear up some of the Misinformation , and Disinformation that has been Spread out about Lado , and still it is being spread out about Lado in Relation to what the Political Authorities of Lado ( The Green Bureau of Lado and the Government of Lado ) are doing to bring about the Decolonisation of Lado . The Political History of Lado has been falsely presented . As a result of many former African Colonial Countries like Uganda, a close neiggbour Contry to Lado ,even Believe it . The typical example of the people at most are the People of Uganda who strongly and dearly believe so . For the Heavens or Hells Sake ( Uganda is the most Protected African Colony Independent ) by the British !! The Hard Truth behind is that , the Nile Region of Lado ( Refered to or known as West Nile an English name given , in Uganda ) is not a part of the Territory of Uganda but can be best for Britain that , this Region the Nile is taken care for them by Uganda as Lado Occupied .BRIEF OCCUPATION HISTORY OF LADO AND TILL TODATE - 3000 A.DLado was first an Occupied Territory of the Ottoman Empire by Turco - Egyptian Firman of 1 April 1869 . The Borders between Lado and Sudan - Congo - Uganda were fixed by TURKEY , BRITAIN , RUSSIA , ITALY ,FRANCE and EGYPT and gradually being done so fom 1887 to 1907. These are Colonial Boundries established according to the Berlin General Acts ( Berlin Treaty ) of 26 February 1885 , following the Berlin Congress from 15 November 1884 to 25 February 1885 .The Lado Issue was first presented to the United Nations in 1947 , at the UN Special General Assembly Session of 28 April - 15 May 1947 . It was His Majesty Agofe ( King ) John Anacleto Atabua , who represented the State KAARI ( Kingdom ) of Lado in New York , USA . The Agofe His Majesty Anacleto Ataboa was assassinated on 14 April 1948 by the British for this reason. It was by the Agofe asking The Ambassador of USSR to the UN , His Exellency Mr Andrei Gromyko , and who raised the Question of Lado at the United Nations Special General Assebly Session of the 28 April - 15 May for the Independence / Sovereignty of Lado . Infact , this , Special UN General Assembly was called by Britain .Both the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Britain and Northern Ireland argued that , the Question of Lado should have been raised by the UN Secretary General in according to Article 99 of the UN Charter of 26 June 1945 . Since May 1947 , Britain with the Financial Assistance and Military Support of the USA have been blocking the Independence of Lado , and the Sovereignty of Lado , and the Territorial Integrity of Lado in Central Africa . Instead , Britain and USA want to Kill the State KAARI ( KINGDOM ) of Lado in Central Africa in order to grab the Land of Lado and its Natural Resources , especially the Minerals .PART IVADDED INFORMATION TO THE BRIEF OCCUPATION HISTORY OF LADO AND TILL TODATE - 3000 A.DLado was first an Occupied Territory of the Ottoman Empire by Turco - Egyptian Firman of 1 April 1869 . The Borders between Lado and Sudan - Congo - Uganda were fixed by TURKEY , BRITAIN , RUSSIA , ITALY , FRANCE and EGYPT and gradually being done so fom 1887 to 1907. These are Colonial Boundries established according to the Berlin General Acts ( Berlin Treaty ) of 26 February 1885 , following the Berlin Congress from 15 November 1884 to 25 February 1885 .The Lado Issue was first presented to the United Nations in 1947 , at the UN Special General Assembly Session of 28 April - 15 May 1947 . It was His Majesty Agofe ( King ) John Anacleto Atabua , who represented the State KAARI ( Kingdom ) of Lado in New York , USA . The Agofe His Majesty Anacleto Ataboa was assassinated on 14 April 1948 by the British for this reason. It was by the Agofe asking The Ambassador of USSR to the UN , His Exellency Mr Andrei Gromyko , and who raised the Question of Lado at the United Nations Special General Assebly Session of the 28 April - 15 May for the Independence / Sovereignty of Lado . Infact , this , Special UN General Assembly was called by Britain .Both the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Britain and Northern Ireland argued that , the Question of Lado should have been raised by the UN Secretary General in according to Article 99 of the UN Charter of 26 June 1945 . Since May 1947 , Britain with the Financial Assistance and Military Support of the USA have been blocking the Independence of Lado , and the Sovereignty of Lado , and the Territorial Integrity of Lado in Central Africa . Instead , Britain and USA want to Kill the State KAARI ( KINGDOM ) of Lado in Central Africa in order to grab the Land of Lado and its Natural Resources , especially the Minerals .Hereby it is to note :The Great KAARI of Lado has existed as the Kingdom of Lado since 847 a.d till todate ( originally Lado was founded in 700 BC ) and through out the 400 years of Slave Trade in Africa , from 1440 to 1840 a.d till todate ( 3000 a.d ) , Lado was recognised as a Sovereign State ( Kingdom ) of Lado according to the Treaty of Holy Allience ( in Vienna ) , dated 26 September 1815 .By the Turco - Egyptian Firman of 13 February 1841 , and the Turco - Egyptian Firman of 1 April 1969 , the KAARI ( STATE KINGDOM ) of Lado was occupied , on 26 May 1871 , as the Equatorial Province of Egypt , under the Sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire ( today , the Republic of Turkey , with Capital at Ankara ) . His Majesty ( King Agofe ) Ayingani was the Agofe of Lado ( Equatoria ) 1859 - 1887 by then . HM AGOFE AYINGANI was assassinated on 7 March 1887 by British Colonial Agents .Egypt was Occupied by the Ottoman Empire ( Turkey in 1517 a.d, and Sudan ( todays Republic of Sudan ) was occupied in 1821 a.d . These three Countries ( Lado , Sudan and Egypt ) were Seperate Political Entities under the Sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire ( Turkey ), even though Britain proclaimed Protectorate over the Kingdom of Egypt on 18 December 1914 ( during the First World War ( 1914 - 1919 ) . Note : Lado was not under the Sovereignty of Egypt . So , Britain did not get Lado .This same Communication on the Question of Lado ( Decolonisation ) has been clarified to the African People and that of Uganda especially and through their Parliament and Governments that , Lado has never been a Colony or Protectorate of Britain or European Country . However , Lado has been an Occupied Territory from time to time since 1871 .The Lado Political Leaders Never Signed off the Lado Sovereignty o Sovereign Status of Lado to a Foreign Country . And Britain is aware of that , although , Britain would like to behave as if / though Lado has been a British Colonial Territory . That is not True , It is not technically Correct . In the case of the Partition of Africa , Berlin Treaty of 26 February 1885 is the Legal Instrument followed , and is still followed for African Affairs , inclulding the Paris Conference and Resolution of 3 August 1875 , which was followed by the Berlin Congress from 15 November 1884 to 25 November 1885 . The AUTHORITY OF THE AGOFE of Lado ,you can see my dear reader of this Article information on Lado hereby that , is Protected by Article 6 of Berlin Treaty .The Enemies of Lado however in their tentatives to Kill Lado decided to give and still give false Names of the Partitioned Regions of Lado by them and that is for the rest of the People of the world not to know anything about Lado . Such false names are : In and under Belgium Colony ( D. R Congo / former Zaire now is given the common name of as North East of D.R Congo Region . While the true names and nominations in the original Lado Language names are :ITURI Region / Kala ( Kala means Region in Lado Language ) with city ( BUNIA ) ;ITURI Region / Kala with city ( ARU ) ;UELE Region / Kala with city ( DUNGU ) ; all the Regions / Kala forming parts of South West Lado or is south West Lado .In and under Anglo/Egyptian Condominium ( The Republic State of Sudan/and or in the New State South Sudan are given the names as East and West of Equatoria Regions of Republic of Sudan or now of the South Sudan State . While the true names and nominations in the original Lado names are :YEI Region / Kala with city Capital ( JUBA) ;KINETI Region / Kala with city Capital ( TORIT ) ;RHOLI Region / Kala with city Capital ( Yambio ) ; all the Regions / Kala are the parts forming North Lado o is North LadoUnder British Protectorate Uganda ( The Republic of Uganda ) is given the a special name called West Nile or sometimes North West of UgandaWhile the True name and nomination in Lado is the KALA - ALIA Region / Kala with city Capital ( ARUA )The Territory of the State of Lado is Located , shown on different World Maps and Atlses as established and recognised by the Colonialists Colonial Boundries recognitions and therefore Lado to have become Independent and Sovereign by 1960 as promised by Her Majesty the Queen Elisabeth II in 1954 .Why did Lado not become so then ?To this Question as an answer , Lado is issuing as a communication hereby a Brief Statement on the question of Lado ( Decolonisation of Lado ) . It is hoped that , after getting to read this communication , the different People of Africa and from the different Countries of Africa and especially of those , the Neighouring Countires to Lado in this Region of Sudan Central Africa ( the word Sudan in Arab means Black ) and in particular Uganda State will continue to cooperate with Lado and therefore not to continue to believe in the Political Rumours , and the Lies or the Deliberate Campaign and Propaganda against the State of Lado , and against the Political Authorities of Lado , and against the People of the State of Lado . Lado needs facing the Political Realities . The People of Lado ( Ladoans ) are Struggling to defend the Independence of Lado and the Sovereignty of Lado ( The Heart Watershade Region ) of Africa .PART VIISSUE 1 :IMPORTANT IS HEREBY TO NOTE OF THE COLONIAL HISTORY OF UGANDA CLOSELY IN RELATION TO LADO :The Territory of the State of Lado is Located as on the World Maps of Lado drawn so before the First World War . The State of Lado Consists of ( 6 ) Regions , all named by Use of Lado River Names : These Regions of Lado are as follows :1 ) ITURI REGION OF LADO ( CAPITAL : ARU ) ,2 ) NILE REGION OF LADO ( CAPITAL : ARUA ) ,3 ) KINETI REGION OF LADO ( CAPITAL : KAPOETA - TORIT ) ,4 ) ROHLI REGION OF LADO ( CAPITAL : YAMBIO ) ,5 ) UELE REGION OF LADO ( CAPITAL : DUNGU ) ,6 ) YEI REGION OF LADO : ( CAPITAL : JUBA ) .A brief look at the Political History as to how Uganda became a Nation / Country under the Control of Britain .1 .5 : This Communication hereby is to inform you that , Uganda became a British Colonial Possession ( British Protectorate ) on 1 April 1894 . After Different Kingdoms , Nations , and / or Tribes were forced to Sign at different times by their Respective Leaders ( Kings , Crown Princes , Chiefs , or Regents ) to transfer their Sovereignty to the British Queen , to be under the British Sovereignty , regardless of the circumstances under which they signed ( by free will or were forced to sign ) . It is still a Treaty Law , which is binding to the Parties .a ) Uganda Kingdom signed these Treaties or Agreements with Britain on 26 December 1890 , on 30 March 1892 , on 17 June 1892 , on 29 May 1893, and Officially Uganda Kingdom was Occupied on 1 April 1893 and Proclaimed a Protectorate on 1 April 1894 , on 10 March 1900 and finally on 18 October 1955 , following Namirembe Constitution Conference 1955 .b ) Nkore Kingdom ( known today as Ankole ) signed Agreements or Treaties with the British Authorities as follows : on 1 July 1891 , on 25 October 1894 , on 25 October 1901 , and 30 August 1960 , following the Wild Constitutional Committee of 1959 .c ) Toro Kingdom signed Agreements with Britain on 18 August 1891 and 6 June 1901 , and in 1903 . The King of Toro is known as the Omukamad ) Usoga Kingdom signed the Agreements on 25 March 1890 and Administrative Arrangements in 1895 .Therefore , all of them became One Nation under the Colonial Title British Protectorate ( Colony ) on 3 July 1896 . This was Confirmed by the British Order - in - Council 1908 .e ) Koki Kingdom was defeated by Britain and Uganda Kingdom combined . Then Koki Kingdom was annexed to the Uganda Kingdom in 1897 . Thus Koki Kingdom became a Province of Uganda and lost its National Identity as the Kingdom of Koki until today .f ) Mpororo Kingdom was broken into two : one Part given to Ankole Kingdom and the other Part remained as Kigezi District , together with other Non - Kiga Tribes such as the Bafumbira People . The Majority of the People of Kigezi are the Bakiga People .g ) The Acholi , after the War of Lamogi , became Part of Uganda by the Agreement of 1912 , since the Boundary between Lado and North - West of Uganda was established in 1907 , the Anglo - Russian Agreementof 31 August 1907 and Lado and North Uganda was established in 1914 , and the Lake Rudolf Province was transfered from Uganda Protectorate to Kenya Colony , and Mombasa - Coast Protectorate in 1926 .h ) Unyoro Kingdom resisted British Occupation until 1923 ( where King Kabarega died in 1923 ) . Unyoro Kingdom became a Part of the State of Uganda ( British Uganda Protectorate ) by the Unyoro - British Agreement on 23 October 1933 , which was renewed by the Unyoro Agreement of 3 September 1955 . During the Namirembe Conference of 1955 , under the Chairman of Professor Sir Keith Hancock and then the Wild Constitutional Committee of 1959 .i ) The Other Parts of the British Uganda Protectorate since 1 April 1894 ( approved by the British Parliament on 27 August 1894 ) such as Teso , Lango , Kumam , and so forth became part of the State of Uganda in 1937 .j ) Karamoja , however , remained an Occupied Territory of Britain under Special Arrangement until 1962 . The People ( from Lado ) do not know if the ( Karamoja People ) have ever had an Agreement with Britain to be a Part of the British Uganda Protectorate ( 1908 ) .k ) The State ( Kingdom / " KAARI " ) of Lado has been a Seperate Political Entity since 1839 . It was occupied by the Ottoman Empire ( Turkey ) through Egypt on 26 May 1871 by the Turco Egyptian Firman ( Decree ) of 1 April 1869 and the Turco - Egyptian Firman of 13 February 1841 .1 . 6 : In conclusion and By the British Order - in - Council of 1908 , all the / these different Kingdoms who made seperate Agreements with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland , became one Political Entity under the name Uganda . The Name Uganda is the Kingdom of Uganda , meaning the Land of the Ganda People ( BAGANDA ) . Whereas and while Unyoro Kingdom remained an Occupied Territory after its Military Defeat by Britain in 1896 . The Uganda Kingdom became known as the Buganda Kingdom , a Political Entity under the British Protectorate inclulding Ugisu , which later came to be known as Bugisu , following the Uganda Kingdom Agreement with Britain of 10 March 1900 ( signed by Uganda Regents ) . By Article 6 of Uganda Agreement 1900 , Britain over rules.ISSUE II :Uganda as a Political Entity , 1908 :2 . 1 : All the points ( Agreements ) mentioned above , is to emphasize the fact that , the Modern Uganda as Political Entity became into being in 1908 , by the British Order - in - Council 1908 ( Uganda ) . An Order - in - Council is a Legal Document ,or a Decree , made under the Signature of the King or Queen , by the Privy Council with the Queen or King as the Chairman . This is the General Principle which applies to the Kingdoms . And the Judicial Committeee is the Highest Court of Appeal ( in the British Empire ) now in the British Commonwealth .2 . 2 : It is therefore , very important to note and to know that , the State of Lado never signed or made an Agreement with Britain to become a Part of the British Uganda Protectorate . In fact , that was the reason why His Majesty ( H.M ) Agofe of Lado refused that , Lado be a Part of a British East African Federation , which was a Federation of British Colonial Territories in East Africa , it would mean that Lado was consenting to be a British Colony under the British Sovereignty . So Lado rejected the East African Federation in 1953 .2 . 3 : As Lado is not and has not and does not want to lose her Sovereignty / Sovereign Status ( NDUVUNDUVU ) to Britain or any other Foreign Country , the Colonisation of Lado shall not be done under the British or the British Commonwealth Association or a British Commonwealth Country .2 . 4 : Since 1947 , Britain blocked any Process for the Decolonisation of Lado . And when in May 1960 , Britain blocked the independence of Lado , the British Government had planned to find Ways and Means to the State of Lado using her Position as a Permanent Member of the UN Security Council and the British Commonwealth Member Countries , such as Uganda , Kenya with the whole British Commonwealth ( Refer to Document of 1926 and West Minister Statute 1931 ) . However , there is no need to drag the People of Uganda in or through the Long Political History of Lado and Legal History of Lado , however long , Lado defended the State of Lado since 1839 . But a short Essential Information about Lado is thought to be necessary for the Uganda People . The State of Lado is Situated on the Nile - Congo Water Shade Region in Equatoria Central Africa . The State of Lado is the KAARI ( STATE ) of Lado . A State can be a Kingdom or a Republic . While the Form of Government can be a Unitary , or a Confederation , or a Federation depending on the Constitutional Background of the Peoples and Tribes that make the State . Both Writen and Unwriten .PART VITHE STRUGGLE OF LADOISSUE III : OCCUPIED TERRITORY OF LADO :3 . 1 : The State / or KAARI of Lado ( Nile - Congo Watershade Region ) is still and , not yet an Independent State ( Country ) . Lado is an Occupied Territory by Britain and Belgium since 1947 . This means that Britain and Belgium are the Administrating Countries of the State of Lado . And Lado is a Non - Self Governing Territory , according to Article 73 of the UN Charter of 26 June 1945 . Therefore Lado has the Right to Territorial Self - determination and to be Decolonised and be Independent and Sovereign Nation State ( Country ) . That is why Lado Demands its Independence .3 . 2 : The British Policy on Lado is that , Lado should be Killed as a Nation State in World Politics ( International Law , International Politics , International Diplomacy , and International Relations ) . The People of Lado do not know why Britain ( Inclulding Her Majest's Government ) does not want Lado to Exist as an Independent , Sovereign State ( Country ) on this Earth . The People of Lado ( Ladoans ) are not going to do a guess work here . That is for the British Politicians and Statesmen to give you an answer here . But the People of Lado are sick to death and tired of it . Lado hopes the British People try to understand that .3 . 3 : However , the People of Lado , under their Successive Leaders ( Agofe , and the Chiefs and Politicians ) , have resisted and rejected to be Colonised by any Foreign Powers , inclulding Britain since 1839 till todate . Simply stated , no Country , or European Country has effectively ( Legally ) colonised the State of Lado . And more so , the State of Lado has not been colonised . And the State of Lado does not want to be colonised. It is a Fact that the State of Lado has been Occupied by different Colonial Powers from time to time since 1871 . But the People of Lado defended the Independence and the Sovereignity of Lado till todate ( 3000 A,D ) . So you may refer to the Terms such as Occupied or Non - Self Governing Territories or Colonial , or Protectorate . Each has a different meaning in Politics . It is important to note that we should know each of these Terms and as well understand each of its implications to a State or a Nation ( Country ) and its People .3 . 4 : As Legally stated , no European Country , Colonial Power colonised Lado , then the Countries surrounding Lado ( Sudan , Uganda , Congo / Zaire , Ethiopia , Central African Republic / CAR , and Kenya ) did not inherit the Territoy of the State of Lado to be under their Administrations . The Territory of the State of Lado is a Seperate Political Entity since 1815 through to 1885 , till todate ( 3000 A.D ) . Lado did not become a Colonial Possession of the European Colonial Powers / Masters in Africa , as Britain for Uganda , Kenya , and Sudan , as Belgian for Congo / Zaire , and as France for the Central African Republc / CAR . There is a big difference between Dominions , Colonies , Protectorates , and Occupied Territories . And Lado is an Occupied Territory . That is Correct , or that is right according to Article 73 of the UN Charter of 26 June 1945 . That is Why Lado Demands the Independence / or DRIWALA of Lado .3 . 5 : Till todate ( 3000 A.D ) Lado is a Seperate Political Entity ( State ) , just like other Countries surrounding Lado ( Sudan , Congo / Zaire , Uganda , CRA , Kenya and Ethiopia ) . The only difference is that , the State of Lado is not yet an Independent Sovereign State . It is still an occupied Territory by Belgium and Britain since 1947 . In short , the Occupied Territory of Lado is a Non - Self Governing Territory . The People of Lado demand the Independence of Lado and the Sovereignthy of Lado. And the People of Lado are working hard for the Independence of Lado in accordance to the Articles 1 , 51 , and 73 of the UN Charter of 26 June 1945 and Berlin Treaty of 26 February 1885 inclulding the UN General Assembly Resolution 1514 ( XV ) of 14 December 1960 .3 . 6 : The Concern of the People of Lado is to inform the People of Uganda and the Countries in Africa that , the Lado People Demand for the Independence and the Declaration for the Independence and Soverignty of Lado is not against Uganda , or against any of the Countries of Africa or even against any of the Countries of the World . The People of Lado are struggling for the Territorial Independence of Lado and the Sovereignty of Lado as a Sovereign Nation State ( Political Entity ) . Even the EUROPEAN COUNTRIES , who had come to Colonise the African Countries in 1840 - 1940 , and the African Peoples know very well that Lado has to be Independent Sovereign State according to the Berlin Treaty of 26 February 1885 and the UN Charter of 26 June 1945 ., plus the OAU ( Organisation of African Unit ) Charter of 25 May 1963 , inclulding the Relevant Resolutions of United Nations and International Law .3 . 7 : Almost , all the African countries are now Independent Nations since 1940 , or are being prepared to be Independent Nations by the UN AND OAU , and Others . Why not the State of Lado ? Britain does not allow the State of Lado to be put on the UN list of Non - Self Governing Territories . What does Britain have against the State of Lado ( People , Land / Territory of Lado , Government , the Sovereign and Natural Resources ) . The State of Lado is not even a Part of the British East Africa , or Colonial Territory . So it must be just a BRITISH POLITICAL HATRED AND POLITICAL DISCRIMINATION TO DOMINATE LADO , TO CONTROL LADO AND TO EXPLOIT THE PEOPLE OF LADO . And be that , the Lado People Reject in every possible way on this Earth . Lado people SHALL NOT Want to be Slaves of other Nations on Earth . Lado shall continue to fight / struggle for her Territory Independence of Lado and Sovereignty of Lado ( Africa ) . So , that Lado People can creat Wealth and Happiness .3 . 8 : The Lado Political Authorities ( The Agofe of Lado and the Government of Lado ) have already sent to the Concerned Countries and Institutions , the Lado Demand and Ultimatum for the Nation Independence and Sovereignty of Lado as a Sovereign State by the Year 3000 and thereafter . This is in accordance to the UN General Assembly Resolution 43 / 47 of 22 November 1988 . Indeed it has nothing to do with Lado ( Sudanic People , Nilotic People , and Hamitic People ) consisting of 29 Tribes wanting to fight ( Lado ) Neighbours ; especially in the pretext Uganda or anybody else . However if anybody / or anyone wants to Colonise the State of Lado , for sure , the People of Lado will fight for their Rights to / for Territory Independence of Lado and Sovereignty of Lado in Nile - Congo Watershade Region of Equatorial Central Africa and the Nile Valley Basin and the Great Western Rift Valley .3 . 9 : It is with Regrete and Great Concern that , the Political Athourities of Lado , and the People of Lado , have noted that , the Government of Uganda especially is very Agressive and Militarily Provocative against the State of Lado ( People / Population , Land / Territory , Government / Organ , the Sovereign , and Natural Resources ) . The People of Lado , under their Political Leadership ( Agofe ) want Good Future Relations with all the Lado Neighbours ( Sudan , Congo , Uganda , Kenya , Ethiopia , and Central African Republic / CAR ) . LADO WANTS the Independence of Lado and Sovereignty ( Nile - Congo Watershade Region ) in Equatoria Central Africa . This is the ( Lado ) Objective and Demand to Britain - Belgium , who are the Administering Countries of the State of Lado3 . 10 : Lado wants Security , Peace , and Stability in her Country . And the Political Authorities of Lado Believe that , even Uganda and the Other African Countries want Peace and Security in their Countries too . Truely , and the Politicians of every Country should work for Peace , Security , and Stability . For without Peace , and Political Stability , there is No Economic and Social Development and / or Progress . Without Peace there is no Security . ( Look what is happening to all the surrounding Countries to Lado today / and how will they be , in tommorrow 's time comings ? ) . The people of Lado need Peace and Security as a Nation State .PART VIIISSUE IV :INDEPENDENCE AND SOVEREIGNTY OF LADO : REQUEST PARTICULARLY TO BRITAIN AND UGANDA4 . 1 : This Communication on the Question of Lado is to present to the People of Uganda ( Africa ) ; as Britain is using Uganda as a Major Stepping foot Stone to destroy Lado and those friends of Uganda in a Summarised Form , so that , it is easy to digest it by anyone who cares to read it . The People of Lado ( Africa ) want Peace and Security . They want Freedom and Liberty .4 . 2 : The Demand for the Independence of Lado and the Sovereignty of Lado , since 1947 , is a Right of the People of Lado as a Political Entity since 847 A.D through 1507 to 3000 A.D ( Refer to Lado KAARI history ) .It is in accordance to the International Law , International Politics , International Diplomacy , and to International Relations , International Customs , inclulding the General Principles , and Internation Practises , the People of Lado want to determine their own Life and Destiny here on Earth .4 . 3 : The Basis for the Independence of Lado and the Sovereignty of Lado are plain , and indeed , very clear for any People , and / or Country , who believes in the Maintainance of International Peace and Security and Justice . This Demand for Independence of Lado is also , in accordance to Articles 1 and 73 of the UN Charter of 26 June 1945 . And also Articles 6 and 15 of the Berlin Treaty of February 1885 . The People of Lado Love Peace , and they need Peace , Security , and Justice , and Stability : But Let No one have an illusione or think that , those ( wonderful ) Human Concept of Society apply only to Countries that are under the British Sovereignty . They apply to all Countries of the World , and All Peoples of the World . That is what All Leaders of the World should Strive to Maintain, internally and externally : Peace and Security and Justice .4 . 4 : The Desire of the People of Lado is to bring about the Independence of Lado and Sovereignty of Lado , through , or by , Peaceful Means . Resolutions ; and the Organisation of African Unity / OAU Charter of 25 May 1963 ; the Berlin Treaty of 26 February 1885 ; and the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights of 21 June 1981 .4 . 5 : The Lado Authorities ( The Agofe of Lado and the Government of Lado and Laodan Elites in General ) know that for the UN to do anything , in any Country , the Process is very Slow . And at times , the Issue and / or the Process is deliberatley strangled by the some World / UN Powers . Especially , if the Issue , or the Conflict , has to do with some Black African Countries and Peoples . And of course , for Lado, it is worst as the State of Lado is Hated by Britain . Britain seems to loath the People of Lado and the Fact that Lado can exist as a Sovereign , in the Middle / Heart of the Continent of Africa without Britain , or British Commonwealth / Empire . That is unfortunate Political View which Britain holds on Lado since her ( UK ) Colonial Days . But Lado continues to struggle for her Independence and Sovereignty as a Nation State , and to build on Lado Peoples Values and Systems within the International System . The People of Lado do not want the Colonialism over Lado , directly or indirectly . No and No . The People of Lado want the Independence of Lado and Sovereignty of Lado .4 . 6 : Futhermore , the Demand of Lado People for the Independence of Lado and the Sovereignty of Lado is not a Joke. Neither is it a Fun or for Fun . It is not a Threat to Uganda , or to any of the Countries neighbouring to the State of Lado, as far as the State of Lado is concerned . All Lado needs from her Neighbours : Uganda , Congo / Zaire , Sudan , Kenya , Ethiopia , and etc ---- is Good Relations , which is a Moral and Political Support for Lado . And the best would be for All to come to a Conference on Lado . A Conference on Lado Peace Process to find Lasting Solutions to Lado 's Problems and Conflicts according to Lado 's Vital Interests . Not according to what the British Government would wish , inorder to Protect her Interests . At least , for once , Let Africans find Solutions , and / or reach Agreements that are not Recommended from outside of our Countries and Peoples and Continent . The People ( Ladoans ) need their Dignity and Respect as the People of Lado and as a Political Entity of Lado . Lado People do not want to be Slaves of Other Peoples on Earth , or anywhere else . The African People have been enslaved from 1440 to 1840 A.D already . And no more .4 . 7 : The Position of LADO is that , Lado has to be an Independent and Sovereign State ( KAARI ) of Lado as soon as possible in this World Community Countries . Any other Issues , Problems , Conflicts which might be arising in course of time , must be sloved through Peaceful Negotations . Any Issue regarding Borders should be done by an International Boundary Commission / IBC . There is no need to fight over the Border Issues / or Matter .PART VIIIISSUE V : LADO FOREIGN POLICY OUT - LOOK ; OVERALL VIEW :5 . 1 : The Political Leaders of Lado are aware that , UN Records of solving serious African Conflicts originating ( Mainly ) from European Colonial Connections have been minimal and indeed very poor , unless it is in the the Interest and advantage of one of the UN Permanent Members of the Security Council . However , the State of Lado still has hope in the United Nations / UN to do something for the Lado People to bring about the Decolonisation Process of Lado through Peaceful Negotiations , Mediation , Arbitration , Conciliation , and Adjucation .There is no other Institution yet to replace the UN . So the UN is better than nothing . The State of Lado believes in the Fact that , Peace never comes out of Military Power / Conquest alone . Military Force / Power creat Fear , Distrust , Future Wars . Above all , Military Power serves as a Colonial Instrument and / of Destruction, and for control of others . So there is no Economic Development , or Social Progress , when involved in Military Wars .5 . 2 : The State of Lado does not want War with any Country , or anybody, because Wars are very Destructive Instruments to a Society . And Wars bring about so many Negative Elements into a Country that does promote any Welbeing of the Society . Lado People try their best to avoid Wars . That is why the Ladoans ( Lado People ) are asking the People of Uganda and other African People and elsewhere to know that . It is not that the People of Lado Fear Death . Not at all . Lado needs Peace and Security . Lado wants the Independence and Sovereignty of Lado .5 . 3 : It is Britain and Belgium , who are Responsible for the Occupation of Lado . The African Countries and their Armies , who are used to Kill the People of Lado and thereby to Occupy the Land of Lado for Britain and her Allies , have no Right and no Responsiblity over the Question of the Independence of Lado . This is because Britain has the Sovereignty Right over them ( Commonwealth Countries ) : that is to say , Uganda and Kenya , or any other British Commonwealth Country . Whom should Lado fight ? Her African Neighbours ? Or Britain ? Or Belgium ? The Lado People do not want to fight any Country . They need only the Independence and Sovereignty of Lado . That is all and Clear . They do not want War but the Independence , Intergrity , and Sovereignty ( Nduvunduvu ) of Lado .5 . 4 : Lado also wants the International Community to do Justice to the People of Lado. The UN , or the International Community , owes Lado Justice . Even if the People of the State of Lado are Black Africans , whom most European Countries and Governments and their People do not like on this Earth , except as Slaves on this Earth , in Africa , the Lado People Deserve International Protection and Justice to be done to them . The People of Lado are Human Beings like the British People are ( same Human Values ) . And the People of Lado are like the other Africans ( be White , Black , Red or of any other Colour to say least in the Continent of Africa ) , who are under British Empire / or Commonwealth . The People of Lado should not be denied their Political Rights . The People of Lado have the same Values and Dignity like any other other Human Beings . Therefore, they need their Right to Independence of Lado and Sovereignt of Lado as a Political Entity . They shall still remain Africans , and Friends . The People of Lado shall mantain , a Policy of Neutrality , Unity , Integrity , Independence , and Sovereignty of Lado .5 . 5 : The People of the State of Lado , under the Political Authority of Lado , long to live in Stabilty , Peace , and Security . They want to enjoy Political Stability , which is the Key to Economic - Civic Developement and Social Progress , as a People and as a Political Entity ( Nation State / Country ) . This is why the People of Lado Demand the Independence and Sovereignty of Lado . The People of Lado insist that , that the Independence of Lado and Sovereignty of Lado , should be done by Peaceful Means or Negotiations . This is ( Ladoans ) Desire . This is what they want : Freedom .5 . 6 : The Lado Political Authority recognise the Need to mantain Peaceful Relations with other Nation States . This is the Basis for International Peace , Security , and Justice . This is why the Lado Foreign Policy is Unique . The Ladoans prefer to strive to use Peaceful Negotiations to solve Conflicts between Lado and other Countries . The Lado People believe in Peaceful Negotiated Agreements to reach Lasting Political Solutions . And they believe , Lasting Political Solutions can be produced through Diplomatic Negotiations , not by Military Might or Killings alone . The Diplomatic Relation is needed .5 . 7 : The Political Authority know , and indeed , are convinced that the Use of Military Force / Power to reach a Political Solution , only postpones the Conflicts . Such make Wars are Recurring events . Thus blocking any Economic Development and Social Progress . Lado still continues to beg her Neighbours for a Negotiated Political Solutions and Agreements rather than the Useof Military Force , and Manipulated Colonial Policy driven or directed Solutions by Remote Control . Lado wants Peace , Security , Justice which means Stability and Prosperity in Lado .5 . 8 : The Lado Political Authority is Unhappy , or disheartened , for Africa as long as African Leaders see the Use of Force as the Easy Option in both Internal and External Politics . Then Africa is Doomed . The Africans must all work to change that / it . The African Leaders , have to develope Diplomatic Skills based on Knoweldge and Wisdom to achieve Peace and Protection of their Vital Interests . Peace is made and Mantained by Genuine and Negotiated Agreements ( Treaties between Nations / Countries , or the People Concerned / Concerned People . Let Africans begin to practise this : Justice and Law . Therefore it is on behalf of the Green Bureau of Lado / GRB , and on behalf of the Government of Lado ( The Provisional Government of Lado / LPG ) and on behalf of the People of the State of Lado ( Lado Population of about 10 million ) , Lado appeals to the People of Uganda and the Government of Uganda to build Good Relations with People of the State of Lado , and the Government of Lado , and Sovereign of Lado . The Choice is that of the Government of Uganda and the People of Uganda . Lado People demand the Independence , Territorial Integrity of Lado .5 . 9 : The Diplomacy , or Peaceful Negotiations , is the best way out . The Lado Political Authorities are ready to meet the Uganda Political Authorities to negotiate on any Issues / Problems that will arise during the Decolonisation Process , ( this same Request applies / or is extended also to all the Neighbouring State - Countries to Lado ) . Good Relations are very important to build and mantain Confidence betwwen Lado and Uganda . Indeed , Lado and Uganda have a lot of Issues that require Serious Talking / Talks in order to build Good ( Future ) Relations betwwen the two Nations . The State ( Kingdom of Lado and the Republic of Uganda will always be Neighbours , sharing Common Borders / Frontiers . Wars are never good for Peaceful Co - Existence between or among Nations and Nation States . Lado needs Peace and Security. That is , there is Need for Good Relations between Lado and Uganda , Sudan , Congo , Kenya etc--- etc -9 . 10 : While the State of Lado does not believe in Wars as Means of reaching Political Solutions , the People of Lado will not sit - by , or down and only mourn , when Peoples of other Countries are Killing the People of Lado with Impunity . So often , with the blessing of the International Community , meaning Anglo . Saxons and Anglo - American Authorites . And seeing Foreigners dancing on the Dead Bodies of Lado People , and burning the Deads of Lado just hurts .IN CONCLUSION :NOTA BENE : The View that the Berlin Treaty is now a History , no longer applicable is not true . Let the African Leaders and Academicians and Intellectuals wake up and see the Woods for the Trees in the Internationl Politics , International Relations , International Law , International Diplomacy and the International Customs , and International Principles and International Practises . The People of Lado are prepared to negotiate with their Neighbours , with their Opponents , with their Enemies , whether they wish Lado Well or Bad . Lado has the Responsibility and Duty to Protect her People of Lado ( Africa ) . The People of Lado consists of Four Ethnic - Linguistic Communities as follows : The LUU People , The LUIPeople , The LUO People , and The LUE People . They make a Population to about 10 Million souls ( 7 Million in Lado and 3 Million in Exile ) at this time I am writing now . They form the State of ( Central Africa ) with its present Capital at ARUA - ARU . Modern Lado was founded in 847 A.D , although Lado People have been established in the Nile Valley Basin since 3000 B.C . However , the Struggle for Independence from Egypt started in 1090 B.C to 700 B.C . The War of Lado Independence took place between 749 B.C to 700 B.C .FOOT NOTE :BRITISH / NORTHERN IRELAND AND COMMONWEALTH COUNTRIES ( WHICH IS STILL IN BRITISH RULING EMPIRE SYSTEM ) AND HOW IT OPERATES ---COMMONWEALTH FOR WHO ?The proper starting point to feel here , is viewing Africa's position in this complex World Affairs . Africa seems to have a lot of problems, and indeed Africa we know still has a lot of problems but gradually must find its way to arrive to solutions to this problems .We feel that in order for us Africans to find a good standing point , where we should start examining our handling History going back to the time when the Slave trade was started , come through colonization , then come through decolonization , and then examine how the IMF [ International Monetary ] and the World Bank are controlling the financial issues of Africa , thus the economic development of Africa , then come to the present campaign for globalization . Where are all these ? Where does Africa fit in ?According to our observation in Lado , all of these are techniques, which are being used to control the Economic resources of Africa. When we say Economic resources, that also includes the Africa Personnel, the African people.According to us - I'm sorry, I might be a little bit hard, but according to me, the official European policy of Governments, seems to see Africa as nothing except a source of Economic resources, and cheap labor. Therefore , when they say there's genocide in Burundi, genocide in Rwanda , genocide in Congo , genocide in Uganda, or genocide anywhere in an African country, it does not affect the European Governments , so long as they can still continue getting the economic advantage. That explains why , when for example Zaire's president Mobutu was being fought to be overthrown , everybody knew that president Mobutu was going to die shortly anyway. Why do you need to have such a big war , to overthrow a man who is already going to die ? Now, he was thrown out. Now he has died, but where is the peace in D.R Congo / former Zaire ? Where is the economic advantage ?You may say it is too short a time to see it, but if you see it as it is , chasing President Mobutu out would definitely not have brought a solution to the problem of Congo-Zaire.The Colonial Apparatus is still and always effective in Africa till todate --So, where does our problem lie? One, it lies in the Colonial apparatus, which is still effective in Africa, either under the British Commonwealth - I know there are some Africans who will say, "Oh, we're Independent," but I will assure you, that those of you who are under the British Commonwealth, you have no SOVEREIGNTY. You don't have it. And if you don't believe me, those of you who are members of the UN , I don't know whether they have changed it , but the British High Commissioner, or the British Ambassador to the UN , calls weekly meetings for Commonwealth Ambassadors to UN , so that when you go to vote, you are going to vote as Britain says.And it is internally , legally correct, because when you became a Commonwealth member , you signed a Privy Council document , which says that, you are surrendering your SOVEREIGNTY to the British SOVREIGN . So when we are complaining , for example "Why is [Uganda's] President Yoweri Museveni behaving like this ?" or "Why is so and so Mr President in Africa doing that ? "LOOK ! , He is getting his orders from somewhere. He does not operate on his own. For heaven's sake, President Museveni or like other Presidents in Africa do not make guns. In Uganda how would president Museveni support all that war, support Mr. Laurent Kabila all the way to Kinshasha ? That is one problem .The other problem is, when we talk of the International Community, who are the International Communities ? Again, the International Community is composed of mainly of European countries. They are the ones , which have the power. And North America. There is no African country which can say, " I'm a part of the International Community," because you don't have any right to make Decisions. So we only sit and say, "Why aren't they coming ? We are killing ourselves." But what is the UN ? Why should the Europeans send their people to go and die, in saving the miserable Africans in the corner of an Africa country somewhere ?Now, where is the problem? Again, the problem comes back, that in European policy, Africa as a land, probably should not belong to the Africans, because the Africans don't have SOVEREIGN RIGHTS . If you look at it , you see that the only African countries that have Sovereign Rights at the moment , are : Lado, though not independent , Ethiopia , Egypt , and Eritrea . Those are the ones , which can legally stand up in the UN and say, " Hey GUYS , you cannot tell me what to do, because I am myself ." But the rest , they either have to consult Paris, or London, some Washington, some Lisbon. There is no way that we can do anything, so what should we do ?One of the things that I would ask our European Campaigners here, is that may be the Africans should start a Campaign , to abrogate the Berlin Treaty of 1885, where Europe decided to share Africa , and decided to own Africa, so that at least legally on paper, we can say, " Hey, this law here is now removed ." At least that gives us room to do things for ourselves. Even the OAU " Organization for African Unity " was created under the same Treaty. That is why we in Lado , cannot go to the OAU or AU and say, "Oh, OAU or AU , please help us." because the OAU or AU cannot do that. They will go to London first " London, what do you say ? Can we help them ? " They don't. Or they will go to Paris. Unless that thing is removed , we have a long way to go really .The Education of StatesmenThe main problem is Education for us Africans . I'm sorry, but sometimes I have a lot of debate with my African brothers . I say the African politicians do not actually know what a politician is supposed to do for his country. They think you become a politician to make money quickly , and get rich quickly for the Country . And they go about looking for the Donors to give Money . And I guess now you know who are the Donors ? And yet , a politician , to me , is supposed to be somebody , who is dedicated to protecting his people , and the country , and to organizing the country , so that the people can Produce.The second thing is , the Africans should also learn what economics is . None of them knows the mechanism of Money. "We are poor. We are poor," and yet all the minerals are there in Africa. Africa is the poorest, and yet Africa is the richest. Now , what is the problem ? Why don't we learn how Economics operates, how Money operates ? Again , it goes back to SOVEREIGNTY . If you are not SOVEREIGN , you have no right to Create Money . So forget it.Now, the third, is SCIENCE OR KNOWELDGE as such . We Africans , need scientific knowledge. You were reading a beautiful view of this man (Cheikh Anta Diop) in the 1960s , '70s , but how many can really do something, so that at least, in an African country, a man can really do something , so that at least , in an Africa country , a man can sit in a corner in peace and make a bicycle , or manufacture a needle , because if we cannot do that , then you will say, " Oh , maybe the Europeans aresuperior ," because everything we get , we get from Europe . Why is it that we cannot see it , and learn , and try to produce something ? When industrialization started in Europe , they started with food production , agricultural things , but nothing like that takes place in Africa . And instead , all of Africa's poor want bread from Europe , and , of course , they will give it , just for pleasure , but its not for free . They don't give it for free.Knowledge is the key to power' So what are we going to do ? Maybe the Schilelr Institute should take one or two Africans and train them , to see how these things work , so that when one goes to negotiate with the IMF, maybe at lest, one can get better conditions. Instead , they get a minister from Africa Countries who knows nothing about finance, to come to negotiate. Then, may be he drinks very nicely, and then tomorrow he is told, "You sign." He signs, and he has signed the whole country off . We remember at one attending a meeting with the former person who was in charge of the World Bank. I think it was Robert McNamara. He said, "I have been working with the World Bank for so many years , and I have been waiting to hear an African say no, to the conditions we give them, but non has said it." Up to until he retired , no African came and said , "Hey Boss , these conditions are bad. Weare not going to take it," and the explanations , because they don't know what economics is, how it functions. Why don't they know ? Because we are badly taught.Alas ! The education policy, training policy we get in Africa, is still the Colonial one. We are supposed to be just Clerical groups. Even if I get a Ph.D. in a University somewhere, I will get that prestige , but in reality , I don't know what I can actually produce with that Ph.D.'So, that is how I see it. I see that we need to do a lot in training , in learning , and we have to do something to remove this idea that Africa belongs to Europe . Those who may not believe me, if you take the World Organizations, how they group the world, you notice that Africa is not a part of Africa. South Africa is attached to Australia and New Zealand.Now , where are the African Countries between the Sahara and the Kalahari deserts ? May be North Africa , Algeria andMorocco will be attached to the Middle East . What happens with us in the middle ? So , I think we Africans have a lot to do for ourselves , and with those who want to help us , so that , at least , we can have a face as Africans . WE need knowledge. Knowledge is a key to power to over come our problems in Africa still and to look to the future for the better . This is the Instance in Lado we strongly believe into for our future Generations on to come . The World does not end today !THE NAME SUDANThe name Sudan is being wrongly used, it doesn't reflect the Social Identities of the people . Anyhow , the name Sudan in a broad sense , refers in Arabic terms of languages to Blacks of Africa , south of Sahara desert : that vast extending area covering up the belt zones from the Western African Coast of Atlantic Ocean to the East African Coast of Indian Ocean . Within this belt Region /Territory , rose people in years of centuaries to centuaries , who lived in an organised social ways of lifes in this geographical areas giving rise to Nations / Countries / States or Kingdoms before the Western Europeans came up with their modes of colonisation to change the whole immage of the face of these various communities of people .CONQUEST OF SUDAN BY FOREIGN INVADERS ( ARABS AND EUROPEANS SINCE FROM 700 b.c ) -The conquest of the Sudan ( Sudan in Arabic - Bilad-es-Sudan ) means , country of the Blacks - that region of Africa which stretches, south of the Sahara desert and Egypt , ( Egypt fell under Arab Rule in the Jihad war on the Black Egyptians of the Pharaonic civilisation of Africa ) . This Black Land areas stretches from Cape Verde on the Atlantic to Massawa on the Red Sea as said above . It is bounded South by1) by the maritime countries of the west coast of Africa ,2) by the basin of the Congo ,3) by the equatorial lakes ,4) and East , by the Abyssinian and Galla highlands.This name ' SUDAN ' is often used in Great Britain in a restricted sense and deliberately to designate only the Eastern part of this vast territory , but it is properly applied to the whole area indicated , which corresponds roughly to that portion of Negroid Africa north of the equator under Mahommedan influence . The terms Nigritia and Negroid land , at one time current , referred to the same region .The Sudan has an ethnological rather than a physical unity, and politically it is divided into a large number of States , all now under the control of Christian - European powers with exception of THE EXCLUSIVE affair of Lado ( Lado Enclave ) which till todate the Europeans find it hard issue to bring it under their Rule Control .The Sudan contains the basin of the Senegal and parts of three other hydrographic systems, namely :the Niger, draining southwards to the Atlantic ;the central depression of Lake Chad ;And the Nile , flowing northwards to the Mediterranean lying within the tropics and with an average elevation of not more than 1500 to 2000 ft. above the sea .The most Regions of the back cut off from the black North Africa by the Saharan desert , the inhabitants , who belong in the main to the Negroid family proper , are thought to have received their so called and wrongly much talked of earliest civilisation from the East of Arab influence and the Moslem religion began to be felt in the western Sudan as early as the 9th century and had taken deep root by the end of the 11th centuary . The trend of the spread of Islam was through the war ( Jihad war ) declared on the black people which started from 700 b.c in the North part of Africa .The existence of Black Native States of Nubia , Ethiopia , Eritrea and Lado hindered for some centuries the spread of Islam in the Eastern Sudan . And throughout , these Country States , many people of tribes remained and have still remained without even later seeking of the Western European way of worship ( Religion ) or without the Arab Religion , hence sticking to their own way of worship ( Religion ) till todate . Such is like ORI belief of as a Religion Affair in Lado .It was not until the last quarter of the 18th century that the European Natives became the ruling force to replace and re - estabish what the Arabs had / were doing , but this time in the cloak name of Christianity out of which is fogged their political Limelines over the Continent of Africa .The terms Western , Central and Eastern Sudan became indicative of a created geographical positions merely . In fact the various States existing before in Africa were / and turned up politically divisible into the four groups by the Western European political minds up to this time I am writing :1) Those , West of the Niger river ;2) Those , between the Niger and Lake Chad ;3) Those , between Lake Chad and the Basin of the Nile river;4) Those , in the Upper Nile valley river.The first group includes the Native States of Bondu , Futa Jallon , Masina , Mossi and all the tribes within the great bend of the Niger. In the last quarter of the 18th century they fell under the Control of France , the region being styled officially the French Sudan. In 1900 this title was abandoned. The greater part of what was the French Sudan is now known as the Upper Senegal and Niger Colony ( see Senegal , French West Africa ) . All these live now under the Sovereignty Status of France . The second group of the Sudan States is almost entirely within the British protectorate of Northern Nigeria. It includes the Sultanate of Sokoto and its dependent emirates of Kano , Bida , Zaria , etc - , and the Ancient Sultanate of Bornu , which , with Adamawa, is partly within the German Colony of Cameroon ( see Nigeria and Cameroon ).The third or Central group of Sudan States is formed of the sultanates of Bagirmi with Kanem and Wadai. Wadai was the last State of the Sudan to come under European influence , its conquest being effected in 1909. This third group is included in French Congo.The fourth group consists of the States conquered during the 18th century by the Turkey - Arab Egyptians and became and still now under the joint control of Great Britain and Egyptof today . These countries were / are known collectively as the Anglo - Egyptian Sudan which became independent as todays - The Republic State of Sudan inclulding the young newly fogged / caved out State - South Sudan but still under the Anglo - Egyptian Sovereignty .Lado is not a part of these present Independent Republic States of Sudan at all .The Anglo - Egyptian Sudan , the region which before the revolt of the Arabized black tribes under Mahommed Ahmed in 1881-84 was known as the Egyptian Sudan has , since its reconquest by the Anglo-Egyptian expeditions of 1896 - 8 , has been the Area under the joint Sovereignty of Great Britain and Egypt.The limits of this condominium differ slightly from those of the Egyptian Sudan of the pre Mahdi Arabised period.It is bounded :North by Egypt ( the 22nd parallel of N. lat. being the dividing line ) ,East - by the Red Sea , Eritrea and Abyssinia ,South - by Lado and Belgian Congo.West - by French Congo.North of Darfur , is the Libyan Desert , in which the western and northern frontiers meet.Here the boundary is undefined , ( this is the real cause of War trouble in Darfur of the Boundry Issue at this very time of 21st centuary ) .The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan however forms the compact territory extending south wards to the north bourder line of Lado ( Lado , which has never fallen Legally under British Authority till todate ) brings the whole of the Nile valley from the Equatorial lakes to the Mediterranean under the control of Great Britain .The Anglo - Egyptian Sudan extends north to south about in a direct line , and west to east about also in a direct line. It covers 950,000 sq. m. , being about onefourth the area of Europe ; what follows the term Sudan is used to indicate the Anglo-Egyptian condominium only.But there has been and is still now what is boiling in the Cocoons of the Anglo / America minds is to capture and destroy Lado as the Kingdom State ( cf : The History of Lado when Lado freed Herself from Egypt from 700 b.c ) still in Africa to show to the world that Africa has finally been completely colonised by the Western European world as enshrined in the Berlin Treaty . This , they have been doing and are bringing out now by creating a new State to be called a Christian Southern Sudan State in Sudan to replace the political Indentity Issue of the State Kingdom of Lado which became so known founded Kingdom ( Modern State Kingdom) by 9th May 864 a.d and by the Lado Constitution of 9th May 1772 , is one of the oldest State Kingdoms of Africa and in the World at large just like Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland is or like the other European Kingdoms are known of their existences . The fighting going on in the Sudan Central Africa is all for that . The war machinery is being controlled by the Anglo - Americans -- COLONISATION OF LADO .The question is , have they succeced now by the Creation of South Sudan State ? As Africans are considered FOOLISH AND STUPID , some Africans already believe so , that South Sudan is an African formed State . The Answer is No and in Lado they don't believe it !!! South Sudan is the Blue Print of Britain being supported by her ally USA to Occupy Lado in the Partitioned FORM : by the Sudan Anglo / Egyptian and Britain / Belgium powers over Lado . The Local Administration is being run however for them by the Governments of : Cairo capital of Egypt ,Khartum / Juba capitals of both North and South Sudan , Kampala capital of Uganda and Kinsasa capitalof D R Congo / former Zaire .Brief note on Egypt :From 700 B.C -- Lado people struggled for their Independence from Egyptian Pharaonic Reign over them in the period of the last fall of Pharao ' s intensified by the Power struggle between the Egyptian High Priests and the Pharao couple - Tut - Ank - Amon and Queen Neferite .The fall of the World's Super power, the Pharaohnic Rule , collapsed and opened up to the rising new kingdoms of the North Africa : Egypt was divided into three kingdoms by then : of Upper , Middle , and Lower . Nuba people , Makuria people and Lado people fought side by side during the rebellion in Egypt to free themselves . While the people of Nuba chose to settle around the foot hills of Mt. Nuba Territory, thus becoming kingdom of Nuba and together with the kingdom of Makuria they formed the kingdoms of North Sudan , the Lado people moved onto settle on the foot hills of the mountain, which they named Mt. Lado in 687 B.C. , a territory lying in the Sudan - Central within the watershade of the " Nile and Congo rivers " , with the southern tip end of territory extending up to Lake Ombizako ( a name in Luu language of Lado ) , today called / nicknamed " Lake Albert" in the foreign English language .The war lords and the rich Ottomans decided to invade the areas of this territories ( of the different Kingdoms ) , south of Sahara desert (Sudan) , of which according to the Ottomans, belonged to and was the property of the territory of Egypt . The Ottomans occupied Egypt in 1517 .In 1821 , the Ottoman empire's invasion together with the Egyptians succeced in occupying ( The Turco-Egyptian occupation ), of the vast areas of the North Sudan , that is to say theKingdoms of Nuba and Makuria to plunder the blacks of their gold , ivory , timber , other natural resources and the involved Slave trades .In 1871 , the Ottoman occupying forces ( The Turco - Egyptian forces ) extended their occupation of Lado to which they gave the name ( EQUATORIA REGION PROVINCE OF EGYPT ) as a seperate Region with its seperate Governor General Sir Samuel White Baker an English National / Subject who worked directly under the Supreme Authority of the Khedive of the Ottoman empire . Meanwhile the Sudan of Nuba and Makuria had their own Governor Generals nominated independently from Lado - Equatoria by the Ottoman - Turco / Egyptian empire .THE MODERN EUROPEAN CREATED STATES IN AFRICAThe interpretation of Berlin Treaty :The Berlin treaty of 26th. Feb.1885 in history opened the chapter for this matter of the colonisation of Africa . The article 6 of the treaty is very clear on this issue . The Central - Africa (Lado) remained the biggest problem ever , since from 1885 till to date , because in a broad legal sense Lado people as a Nation - State , refused and still rejects to sign to the former colonial and to the present forces who aspire still for the overall legitimate control of this Sudan Central Africa - Lado. That means Lado has not been colonised by any foreign forces in accordance to the Berlin treaty as such. The Belin treaty is still in force as there has not yet been another treaty signed to nullify the Berlin conference which established the treaty itself , thus to cancel it . The Colonial powers and the present proxy forces know more about this , but unfortunately , it seems most African community members of States of today may or may not care to know of this fact . Thus living the Lado issue to dissolve in nulla . Up to now , there has still been no present African Nation - State as such , who has at least courage to put to the International community ( such as UN ) the challenge of the illegality of the Berlin treaty and its implications . Probably , there is a definite answer to that , when the present modern States acquired their so called , independences from the colonial powers in the most absurd incomprehensible way , they only favoured for a second time , the application of the implication of the Berlin treaty . All in all , with few exceptions , African modern State/Country leaders , obeyed to sign to live and exist under the power Authority of the foreign powers , specially in international and internal decision makings . In international relations, these countries have no Capacity to decide and therefore no Sovereignty . This is the reason why these independent modern African Nations/Countries find themselves in difficulties to raise the issue of Lado affairs at an International conference for discussions . Independence and freedom for Lado is to be established according to the provisions of the United Nations Charter .PARTITION OF LADO BY BRITAIN AND LADO'S CONTINOUS STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM --The geographical area of Lado is located at the " White Nile " in the Nile - Congo Watershed Region , which also shares borders with Sudan , Central African Republic D R Congo , Uganda , Kenya and Ethiopia . But if you check your present / modern World maps , Lado is not found . The reason being that the West and the Europeans have pulled out Lado from the maps by stretching out the Lado country to Sudan , Uganda , the Congo and the Central African Republic countries . This prerogative objective was a master mind complot and finally to result as a conquest and totally destruction of Lado as a people and Land . Done this from 1910 - 1914 , Britain and Lado entered into a military war battle which lasted for 5 years from 1914 - 1919 . The war came to a stop as peace agreement ( Truce ) was reached and signed by Britain and Lado in 1920 .A Senior Police High Commissioner in South Africa Mr E. Weatherhead , who indeed participated in the Lugbari ( Lado ) British War from 1914-1919 , was the British envoy sent to Odupi in Lado to sign this agreement on belhaf of the British Crown . The British on the diplomatic character honoured to respect the existence of the State of Lado . The Agofe / King of Lado signed the peace agreement for Lado . As a legitimate recognition , the Agofe ( King ) of Lado was awarded the Merit of the highest Order in Council of the Queen ( The title O M. ) Mr E . Witherhead in turn was appointed then Governor General to represent the British Crown to Lado with Headquarters in the Capital of Lado , Arua .One of the Cardinal out come of this truce was to prepare an understandable future diplomatic relations to be estabished between Britain and Lado and to find meaningful terms on the Water uses in question and particularly the uses of the water flows of the White - Nile river.( The Nile - Water diplomacy ) , as put it , " who controlls the entire Nile - Valley water flows from the source up to Egypt Nile delta , controlls Egypt .Britain being quite aware and till todate tried and tries to push out any other foreign powers to establish and exercise any rule authority directly or indirectly over the Land territories through which the Nile - water flows . Just look look at maps , and you will find out that the bulk of the source of the Nile flow is the bolt - hold of the source by Lake Ombizako which the British named Lake Albert . Lado is the strategic Land to be under the supervision of Britain as she had already secreetly occupied Egypt in 1882 . Therefore the other Western foreign powers of the world had to be pushed away from occupying Lado . By war or not Britain must take Lado as a possession under the Crown of Britain . This is the leading chapter to the European and Western major conflict over Lado . For the best reasons known only to the Western European history writers , it is hard to find the name Lado being used in their writings . Lado is vaguely refered to as Side territory , That Area of Central Africa , and of course widely in use now , Lado is hidden under the collective term name of the Great Lake regions of Central Africa to suit the cause and the course of events of the wars in Central Africa of which Lado is the heart . Lado and its history must not be known .HISTORY REMARKS - ( QUOTE ) :King Leopoldo of Belgium , Head of the Free State of the Congo considered the Sudan territory of Side ( also known by the sweat Leopoldiano ) like part of his territory . When in 1881 the revolt of the Mahdi made loose to Egypt the control of Sweat , diverse Leopoldo sent to Side , expeditions and settled down a position in Lado . Agreements with Great Britain ( 12 of May and 14 of August of 1894 ) recognized the temporary possession to him of the territory called formally Side Enclave , separated from the province of Bahr el Ghazal .The agreement was modified the 9 of May of 1906 having delimited the sphere of influence of both States in the Nile and Tanganyka Lake . Certain territories of the sphere of British influence were left into the hands of the Free State of the Congo . The territory mentioned has " the Eastern border is the Nile ) , the western one is the Nile - bassin , the border of the North is a horizontal line through Fashoda , and the one of the South is the German Eastern Africa . While this territory remains in being of the Free State of the Congo , it will have a "special flag".The territory within the agreement was divided in two zones by the line of the 30 degrees : the western one would always belong to the Sovereigns of the Free State of the Congo and the Eastern one would be rented to the Sovereign and would return to British Sovereignty after the death of Leopoldo II. After protests of France to Leopoldo II , it was agreed in turn that the territory to the East of the line of the 30 degrees was reduced to 15,000 miles square. This territory became the Enclave of Side ( although it was not an enclave ) , a seperate administration was established in the city of Side , Capital Lado .Great Britain in her pretext protested soon by the bad administration of the Territory by the Belgian King Leopoldo II . King Leopoldo made as a donation the Congo Free State to Belgium, thus becoming a Colony ( The Belgian Congo ) in 1908. Leopoldo II died in 1909 and the unclear illegal adopted term of renting territory side to the King up to 1910 seized to exist thus reverting it to Britain . " Britain in acts to destroy Lado decided on her own with war campaigns against any of the Western powers who dared to enter into Lado Affairs , partitioned then , most of the Territory Land Enclave ( Lado ) , incorporting it into the State of Sudan , except for a portion of the South - westthat was ceded to Uganda and part of South - east was left to be Belgium colony . Britain pretends and forgets , in the legal concensus , that Lado is a property of Lado people but not a possession as such for rents ( York of colonisation ) . No single Lado person has at any one time signed with no any foreign power and not even with Britain herself to give the right of ownership of Lado territory to foreign rules .What today is talked of Southern Sudan country , is a secreet move to see that the part of North Lado region remains attached to the southern part of the Sudan State . This really part of the south of State of Sudan lies deep in the Sudan State 5° 30 mins parallel of latitude above the northen limit boarder of Lado . " It is worth to know that there is a big difference between the name Sudan and the States of Sudan " .Rising of the so called Morden States of Sudan and its implication on LadoBefore , Sudan State both North and South was known as Mahdi State not until 2nd september 1898 . The Mahdi State was militarily defeated by the combined forces of Britain and the Egyptian forces thus becoming later to be known , the Anglo - Egyptian Sudan State in 1899 . Both Egypt and Britain decided in 1955 to give independence to this territory becoming The State of Sudan in a streatch of Land with its Southern parts boardering with the north limit boarder of Lado State . ( cf - Lugbari ( Lado ) / Belgium convention of 28th September 1892 )THE PEOPLE AND POPULATION OF LADO .The population of Lado is estimated at 10 million souls now . It is composed of mainly Sudanics who are are divided into 29 ethnic - tribe groups ( Lugbari, Madi , Moru , Bari , Kaliko , Logo ,Kebu - Ndu , Lendu , Avukaya , Gimara , Azande , Makaraka , Kakua , Kuku , Gbaka -- etc -- . The Alur , Jonam are the only non - Sudanic ethnic . They are a Luo ethnic . The languages spoken in Lado are Lue , Lui , Luo and Luu tribes with affliation to the State of Lado . Specifically the spoken Luu languages is understandable to all for communications .DIPLOMATIC HISTORY OF LADO .The Sudanic population of Lado was located in this region year 700 b.c From that date up to the first of the 19th centuary ( 1850 ) the history of Lado took place among its ethnic groups , apart from the slave trade which had consequences on its administrative organisations . Half of the 19th centuary , especially from 1870 on - wards , the Sudanic population had to face foreign interference and invasions from the Arab and European colonialists , thus leading Sudanics to fight unending wars against these foreign invaders . And the wars against colonialists are still being fought till todate .1887 : On 29 April , Paris treaty betwwen France and Belgium was concluded about the frontiers between the Congo - Leopoldville , Lado and the French Equatoria Africa Congo - Brazzaville , Central African Republic and Chad .1890 : On 24 May , a treaty ( sometimes refered to as Macknnon treaty ) was signed betwwen Britain and Belgium recognising the frontier betwwen Lado and British Spheres of influence to the east of the River Nile .1892 : From 1879 to 1889 Lado was held out in a ten years of war against Belgium to defend its Sovereignity . The war ended with peace treaty of Wadelai ( Lado ) of 28th September1892 between Lado and Belgium . Lado never recognised the Belgium Crown over her ( Lado ) Sovereignity .1894 May : The Brussels treaty of 12 May 1894 was signed and for the first time , the term Lado Enclave figured out . Lado enclave was to be for linking all the possessions of the British Crown from Cape Town in South Africa to Cairo in Egypt .1894 June : The Brussels treaty of 12 May 1894 was denounced by the Belgium - British declaration of 22 June in favour of Germany .1894 August : The Brussels treaty of 12 May was again denounced by the treaty of Paris of 14 , 1894 between France and Belgium .1899 : France disengaged herself from the problems of Lado thruogh the Cairo treaty of 21 March 1899 , between Britain and France which was concurrently signed in Cairo ( Egypt ) and in London ( Britain ) by the French Ambassador Paul Gabon and the British Lord Salsbury . This treaty sanctioned the French to withdraw from the Nile Valley Conflict .1904 : The treaty of the 8th April . 1904 between France and Britain : France undertook a commitment before Britain to adopt a neutral attitude over the question of Lado , meaning that when Britain is in war with Lado , France was not to help her against Britain in return for the British withdrawl from Moroco in favour of France .1906 : Britain concluded another treaty , Treaty of London with Belgium on 9th May 1906 to obtain Belgium cooperation as a fellow Europeans to colonise Lado . In December 1906 a similar agrement was reached with Italy and succesfully with Portugal , Spain and Germany all in all forcing these countries not to come into military help , assistance and not to trade with Lado .1907 : In the same manner , in 1907 , Britain reached another agreement with Russia to obtain the Russian abstaintion from assisting Lado when at war with Britain in exchange for Iran which was important to Russia ( cf . - Arua treaty between Lugbari and Russia for mutual cooperation . ) .1920 : From 1914 - 1919 , War broke up between Britain and Lado which in history is know as Lugbari - British war . It was fought for 5 years and ended in 1920 with the peace treaty signed at Odupi in Lado . There has been no treaty signed by Lado for recognition of the British Crown till todate .1936 : From then 1926 there has been always tension between British occupant and Lado and again war broke out into the Kakua - kajo - keji war of between 1931 - 1936 . The war did not end until the United States ( U . S . A ) intervention by President Franklin D . Rooesvert in 1936 .1947 : The question of the colonisation of Lado was raised in the United Nations Organisation ( UNO ) - Trusteeship Council which the British wished to discuss with Uganda by the USSR . The citizens of Lado asked for freedom .1948 : On the April of 1948 , the Keego / " Prime Minister " of Lado was assassinated by the British Colonial Authorities when he was to travel to UN for talks on Lado . From that time up to now Britain does every thing to keep Lado as her Possession ( Occupied Territory ) . Punishes any body who dares to use the name Lado .POLITICAL AFFAIRS1951 : The assassination death of the Prime Minister of Lado re - opened the war again with Britain , the 3 years war , ( 1948 - 1951 ) . The British conservative Government under the wise old man Prime Minister Winston .S .Churchhill in 1951 stopped the war and favoured a thoughtful approach to Independence for Lado . The Governor for Lado affairs by then was Major General Sir John Hall .1952 : Lado Envoy Extraordinary Atamva John Bart Agami who today is the present AGOFE / KING of Lado was sent with assistance of Egypt - President Colonel Abdel Nasser to USSR to meet the Secretary General Marshal Joseph Stalin as Lado situation was precipitating following the British attitude towards Lado . This time the USSR took a side for Lado .1953 : Another yet , Keego / Prime Minister of Lado was assassinated by the British to change the political cause of Lado . In this particular moment , Lado had rejected the British intention of creating an East African Federation as Lado a part of it .1953 : Once again this time , the Lado Envoy Extraordinary Atamva John Bart Agami was sent with the assistance of Ethiopia - Emperor Haile Selassie Tafari Makonnen to meet Prime Minister , Wiston . S . Church hill , in Malta .1954 : Nile Bridge talks - between Lado Envoy Extraordinary and Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II took place in Uganda . It was agreed that Lado would be independent in 1960 / 1961 .1956 : A conference was held in Arua which included , Congo's first Prime Minister , Mr Patrick Lumumbaon the question of Lado and its Peoples Rights to Self - determination and on the question of the Nile waters . ( cf .Nile Waters Agreement of 1929 and Nile Waters Utilization Agreement of 8th November . 1959 ) .1957 : The Representative of Lado Atamva ( Mr ) , Ringe afterwards was assassinated . Atamva Ringe is an Alur of Luo tribe in Lado.1958 : General Elections of March 1958 were held to determine the independence of Lado and the future Prime Minister after Decolonisation . Atamva ( MR.) Gaspero Oda( a Lugbari tribe ) won the elections amongst all the candidates of the 29 tribes of Lado .1960 : The Agofe of Lado in the untimely natural death KARANGA " HIGHEST MILITARY TITLE : GENERAL IN ENGLISH VERSION " - ANACIA BOROA , O M died of whose death the British properly took advantage for the independence of Lado as promised by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II .1962 : In 1962 , Uganda received her independence from Britain but on the Political grounds , the Lado leader was arrested and sentenced to imprisonment by the British Authority in Uganda . He was and is the living physical person today of the Agofe of Lado who fortunately was released by his military personel of which he was the commandant of the army in Uganda under the Supeme Command of Her Majesty .1962 : Uganda got its independence but remains till todate under the Supreme Authority of the Crown of Britain ( cf : Implications of the British commomwealth ) , Uganda offers a suitable base for attacks on Lado .1967 : A new political constitution after being draughted in 1966 was passed in Uganda Parliament , without allowing a debate on it in 1967 . ( intention was to hide the knowledge that Lado is a seperate State from Uganda since 1892 . ) .1971 : Uganda ' s plot for the extermination came into picture in 1971 of the 1967 master plan to finalise but failed in carrying it out in January 1971 : The result came out of the over throw of the President of Uganda Mr Apollo Milton Obote ( a Luo trbe of Uganda State . ) . And by the Military hierachy Major General Idi Amin ( a Sudanic - Kakua / Kuku by tribe from Lado ) took over the State Affairs of Uganda on 25th January 1971 ) . In the re - orgainsation of the State of Uganda General Idi Amin thought it wise to take back the Sovereignty of Uganda to view the Uganda - Lado relations . This became a big blow defeat for the British . The Sudanic people in Uganda and Lado finally had to be wiped off completly in a war to be declared over Lado and her people1975 : London Agreement of 1975 was reached . It was worked out in Lusaka in Zambia between Uganda and Britain , inclulding other commonwealth countries to fight the Sudanic tribes of the State of Lado .1979 : In March 1979 , the Uganda Ethnic groups ( Bantu , Nilotics / Luo and Nilo hamatics and of Tanzania and other Africans held " Moshi Confrence " in Tanzania , finally to impliment the London Agreement of 1975 .1978 / 9 : War was declared on Lado and its people ( predominately Sudanic race ) from 6th October 1978 to April 1979 , whereby 250, 000 soldiers were assembled from all over the world especially from the British Commonwealth Countries and from the Political allies of Britain . In the diplomatc channel it was Denmark , a strong British ally who undertook running the diplomatic machinary to impliment the war and was the one who raised the issue in the United Nations under the cover that the war in Uganda was necessary to over throw the World ' s worst dictator ever known , General Idi Amin . General Idi Amin is a Kakua - Sudanic tribe in Lado . After the over throw of Idi Amin , the coming true President of Uganda Mr, Yusuf Lule said " the Nile is betwwen us " , confirming the existence of the two States : i.e , Lado ( since 1892 ) and Uganda ( since 1894 ) by International Treaty Conventions .1980 / 1 : From 1979 to 1981 massive massacres of the Sudanics in the Southern Lado , in Uganda and in other East African Countries inclulding total destruction of Properties in this part of Lado ( both Private and Public properties ) was carried out in order to occupy Lado land ( cf ; Uganda plans of 1967 and Uganda decree of 12 May 1980 , Art. 5 and Art. 10 ) , This was done with full cooperation of Tanzania .LADO PETITION TO UNITED NATIONS (UN).1 January 2002 : Lado through the Act by the present Agofe sent a Petition to the UN Security Council and requested the UN Secretary General to act under Article 99 , and whereby the UN Secretary General " needs to do is to express his concern " for the Lado People and say that there is a Situation which is bad and Dangerous in Sudan Centra Africa - Lado and what is better , is to go about to implement the UN General Assembly Resolutions 43 / 47 of 22 November 1988 , UN General Assembly Resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960 and Article 1 and Article 73 of the UN Charter of 26 June 1945. In any case of legal complications and Difficulties on the question (Decolonisation) of LADO, the UN General Assembly can refer the matter of LADO to the International Court of Justice for the Advisory Opinions . This will eventually result in the Formal Recognition of the State of LADO as an Independent, Sovereign Nation State (LADO) in Central Africa which will restore LADO to its former Historical Status as a Sovereign Nation State (LADO) .Year 2005 : A different picture appeared on world political affairs ; ' Nairobi Agreement held in Kenya' of 9 January 2005 which was to bring Peace between the Rebel Forces SPLM ( Sudan People's Liberation Movement ) and the Sudan Government in Khartoum was reached. There is / was no doubt that , behind the move was the long - term Objective to Destroy Lado , the Lado State in Central Africa situated in the Great Lakes Region and in the Nile-Congo Watershed Region , which is falsely shown on the map as Southern Sudan and DR Congo. But it is the Northern Territory of Lado ( " Equatoria and Ituri Province of Lado " since 1871 ) .THE INTRICATE BRITISH RULE OF AND OVER LADO :Lado Wiped off the World MapLado was wiped off the World Map in 1947 after 34 years of unsuccessful Occupation by the British from 1913 .Before 1913 Lado was an Independent and Sovereign Country , the size of the British Isles , with a Constitution from 1772 , situated at the Upper Nile Valley in the Nile-Congo Watershed Region , and since 1871 called 'Equatoria' as a part of the Ottoman Empire's Divide and Rule Policy .Lado was Administered through Egypt by BritainThe British Influence started when they signed the Constantinople Agreement in May 22, 1887 , when they administered Lado through Egypt , which incidentally was then a possession of the Ottoman Empire.The first two Governor's of Lado, Col. Sir Samuel Baker (1871-1873) and Col. Charles George Gordon (1874-1876)were appointed through the British, but their salaries were paid by the Ottoman Empire.British Pretended not to be a PartFrom 1876-1878 two American Colonels were Governors of Lado , viz. Col. Henry G. Prout and Col. Alexander A. Mason , and neither the British nor the American Governors lasted very long as formal Occupiers. Officially the British pretended that they did not have a part in it , perhaps because the Sovereignty was still under Turkish Control.Another , German Prussian Edward Karl Schnitzer tried with a bit more luck from 1879 to 1889 . Gov. Schnitzer became a Moslem and took the name "Emin Pasha"The other reason was that France was fighting Britain over Egypt which was secretly under Military Occupation by Britain since 1882.British Knack for SecrecyThe British have always had a knack for Secrecy and have made their Fame from the ' hiding behind the bush ' Game and Method , and that is especially obvious in the case of Lado in Central Africa.The British logo has been and is always that of the Three Monkeys , who don't Hear , don't See and don't Talk , and even in the extraordinary case that they should see, they certainly don't talk.Another term for that kind of Policy, is very much practised in the EU ( European Union ), in the WTO ( World Trade Organisation ) and in other such Clubs , is the ' Closed Doors Policy '.VIEW OF LADO :The Question of Lado was raised for the first time in the United Nations at a UN Conference lasting from 28 April to 15 May 1947 by the then Soviet Permanent Representative to the U.N., Andrei A. Gromyko , who later became the Foreign Minister of the USSR.On this Conference , which incidentally was called by Britain , three Key Issues were discussed , i.e. the Palestine Question , the creation of the new State of Israel , and the Independence of Lado.Lado was CheatedThe decision at the U.N. was to grant all three parties Independence , but as everyone knows , only one of these decisions was implemented with the realisation of the State of Israel in 1948. A lot of bloodshed , anger , pain and millions of displaced and stateless persons have up to now been the result of the lack of implementation of the Palestine and Lado Questions.By the way , now , there remains to be granted Independence to eighteen countries in the World , of which the five are the Palestine , East Timor, Western Sahara, Lado and St. Helena.Lado not in the Public EyeThe first three countries, the Palestine, East Timor and Western Sahara, are on the verge of Independence because they have for a long time been burning issues and in the Focus of the Public Eye making their Suffering and Quest for Freedom a Matter of Conscience for the People of the World . However, the Plight of Lado and St. Helena, both African Nations and both under foreign occupation ( Lado under Britain / Belgium, St. Helena under Britain ), has been that of oblivion , covert oppression and shadow boxing on behalf of the two countries .Lado and St. Helena in the Same BoatLado is in exactly the same boat as St. Helena as their issues have never been allowed to be discussed in the open and as all topics concerning them have been swept under the carpet . Yet , it is known , the question of National Identity is one of crucial importance to any Man , and the Right of all People on the Planet Earth .Although it is even one of the foremost Principles of the United Nations Charter , the Lado Peole and the St. Helena Peoplehave been denied the Right to even exist , let alone their Independence. The very name "Lado" especially is the Forbidden Word in the World of Politics and Diplomacy , and not least on the African Continent where there is severe Penalty , even Death , for expressing a single syllable about Lado and its existence as a Nation State or a People.Lado never called by its True NameLado is always referred to as either the unruly " North-Western Region of Uganda " , " the North-Eastern Region of Congo " , or even " Equatoria, Region of Sudan ", but never by its true and genuine name " Lado ".In fact the mere mention of the name Lado triggers a jittery shock in diplomatic circles , as it is becoming an increasingly embarassing issue for the former Colonial Powers spearheaded by Britain, its Commonwealth Countries and Institutions enforced by their musclemen their American cousins ( through the powers of the old Virginia Company) .The Hidden Agenda :But then it is no wonder that the Lado Question has become such a Hot Potato to the Ruling Powers of the World when you consider that the Hidden Agenda of the Anglo 7 American Conglomeration is to create a new state on Lado Land ( Territory ) by the name of " Southern Sudan ".The idea is to hand over Lado Land to Black Americans , as it was done in Liberia , which will help " White America " to get rid of some of its Black Citizens that constantly remind them of their infamous and shameful Slave Past . So ,Annihilation of Lado People is best for them to do .Annihilation of Lado PeopleInvariably this scheme will involve the Annihilation of the Rightful Owners of Lado Land , the Indigenous People of the Luu , Lui , Luo and Lue origin . These are the National Identities of Lado, and this explains why the name Ladois not even whispered in the Corridors of Power.Note : Lado has been occupied , but never colonised , since 26 May 1871 by an International Force led by the US military based in Egypt .The Covert Operations :The Force, which operated under the pretext of fighting the Slave Trade, was the "NATO" of that day (1871), and as history goes yet , another American President, General Ulysses Simpson Grant had been manipulated (or forced) by the British Crown to do the dirty work under the auspices of an under-cover Agreement of the Ottoman Empire Sovereignty of which Egypt was a Possession at the time.The Implementation of the Creation of this new " Slave State ", and part of the Secret Anglo-American Colonisation Program of Africa , was preceded by a recent Fact-Finding Mission to Lado carried out by Congressmen Donald M. Payne (a Black American) and Tom Tancredo , and Senator Sam Brownback.US Congress Passed Resolution to Invade -Coinciding with the Mission of these three Gentlemen , a Resolution was passed in the US Congress in June 1999 that the US is to supply Arms and Finances to the South Sudan Liberation Army and the South Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement under the pretext of fighting the Arabs in North Sudan .Part of the Scheme , and the Reason for the Passing of the Resolution in Congress , was to conjure a deliberate Misinformation on the whole situation in the Region which is to hide the Real Reason , namely to destroy Lado as a Country and its People , exactly the same way that NATO (1999) is trying to destroy Serbia and its People.NATO Operation in AfricaOne only sees it as the pre - parations for a new NATO Operation which will use Uganda and Kenya as their Bases and Buffer Zones . The Lado People will be the Targets at the receiving end , and Lado Land will be used as the new Testing Ground for their impressive and High-Tech Bombing / Weapons sprees. Who says World Peace ?The Bluff they are calling is to make the World believe that the South Sudan People are in Dire Circumstances and desperately in need of Help to liberate themselves." Equatoria " is LadoHowever , the fact is that the socalled South Sudan is Lado Territory , inhabited by Luu, Lui, Luo and Lue People .The present Rebel War is fought, not in South Sudan, but in Lado ( called Equatoria from 20 May 1871 ), and the real South Sudan People are situated six degrees north of the Lado / Sudan Border to Egypt.These South Sudan People , living inside the Republic of Sudan, are Dinka, Nuer, Anuak and Shilluk People who have no connection whatsoever to Lado and Lado People.Consequently , the Phony War is being fought in the Wrong Place and by the Wrong People and for the Wrong Reasons under the pretext of the Christian Victimsversus the Cruel Arab Muslims in North Sudan .US Mission MisinformedThe US Fact-Finding Mission was based in the town Yei , which is in the Heart of Lado, and very far away from South Sudan , and yet the Honourable Senator and the Congressmen failed to see that they had physically been enjoying the Hospitality and received the Protection of the People of Lado , and not the People of South Sudan.Instead they manufactured a totally false Report which has fatally resulted in the disastrous Resolution passed by the US Congress in June 1999, a Resolution which will invariably result in the Commitment of the US Government and the Deployment of US Troops, Arms and Finance to fight inside Lado.British Crown in ChargeHowever , and whichever the mighty US Congress may decide, it will be the British Crown who will be and is always in charge of the Overall and Tactical Activities ( the Brain and the Muscle ) : The game is played through all the institutions of the British Crown, and some of the most useful on-the-spot players are Uganda, Kenya and South Africa to which country all the weapons are being and will always be shipped and distributed .Peace or War rests with BritainThe whole Issue of Peace or War - since the Queen's Promise in 1954 - rests with the present Labour Government, the same Party which was in power under Prime Minister, Clement Richard Attlee, in 1947 when the Issue of Lado's Independence was discussed in the United Nations.The only difference is that the Party now calls itself the "New Labour Party ", but it remains to be seen whether the new on coming Prime Ministers , have the courage to honour Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II's Word of 1954 , tenths , of years ago till todate .Lado IndependenceLado will go ahead and declare the Independendence of LadoARTICLE RELEASED BY AUTHOR :Ronald Okuonzi LuluaSenior Government Officer of the Provisional Government in Exile of the State Kingdom of Lado ( HEART OF AFRICA - SUDAN CENTRAL AFRICA ) .

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