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The amount of current flowing through a conductor is governed by the amperage of the connected load. This is why there are different sizes of conductors. Each conductor size is only allowed a specific amount of amperage to flow through it. If the amperage load is higher that what the conductor is rated for then the next larger size conductor has to be used. The limiting of the amperage to specific size conductors keeps the conductor from heating beyond the conductors specifications, under full amperage conditions.

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Q: What is the amount of current flow through a wire?
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