I assume you are talking in terms of rounding, in which case subtract/add half the value to which the number is rounded to get the lower and upper bounds, and then the lower bound is inclusive and the upper bound is exclusive:
1950 to 2049
The Lower fence is the "lower limit" and the Upper fence is the "upper limit" of data, and any data lying outside these defined bounds can be considered an outlier.
8.5 to 9.49
The lower bound is 0.5 less and the upper bound is 0.5 more.
They’re the ‘real value’ of a rounded number. Upper and Lower Bounds are concerned with accuracy. Any measurement must be given to a degree of accuracy, e.g. 'to 1 d.p.', or ' 2 s.f.', etc. Once you know the degree to which a measurement has been rounded, you can then find the Upper and Lower Bounds of that measurement. Phrases such as the 'least Upper Bound' and the 'greatest Lower Bound' can be a bit confusing, so remember them like this: the Upper Bound is the biggest possible value the measurement could have been before it was rounded down; while the Lower Bound is the smallest possible value the measurement could have been before it was rounded up.
no won noes * * * * * It means that there is an upper and lower bound or limit. There is the lower bound such that you exclude any smaller numbers, and an upper bound such that you exclude bigger numbers. What you do wit hnumbers that are equal to the bounds depends on the nature of the bounds.
From everything I can see in the question, it appears that 80,000 is a whole, real, rational, natural integer, and a constant. The magnitude of its range and its domain are both zero, and its upper and lower bounds are both the same number, namely 80,000 .
identifying any upper or lower bounds on the decision variables
Limits give upper and lower bounds for integration. One simple example is in finding an enclosed area. The upper and lower limits form vertical lines which enclose an area between the function and the x-axis and then integration from the lower limit (smaller x boundary) to the upper limit (larger x boundary).
Lower Case k means 1000, upper case K is meaningless.
Rules vary from state to state but in this case it is perfectly legal. So along as the players feet are in bounds. In highschool football its normally if one foot is in bounds and the other is not out of bounds and the player has control of the ball then its a catch
He lived some where in lower Egypt. But lower Egypt is upper Egypt because upper is lower and lower is upper.
opposite upper is lower Normandy.What do upper and lower refer to?
2nd [CATALOG], solve( , enter equation, variable and guess after the bracket, close brackets with " ) ". You can also put lower and upper bounds after the guess.
Upper and lower Egypt are in Africa. Lower Egypt is north and upper Egypt is south.
lower mantle is lower than upper mantle and middle mantle upper Mantle is lower than lower mantle and middle mantle
Lower parts of the body vs. upper parts of the body, e.g. arms(upper), legs(lower).
The crowns of upper and lower Egypt were combined because King Menes combinded upper and lower Egypt. He decidd to combine upper and lower Egypt and the crowns.
you do work out the upper and lower quartile
what is the cost of upper and lower dentures a average
what is the cost of upper and lower dentures.
The answer depends on the way in which the range is given. a < x < b or x Î (a, b) implies that both bounds are not included.a < x ≤ b or x Î (a, b] implies that the lower bound is not included but the upper one is.a ≤ x < b or x Î [a, b) implies that the lower bound is included but the upper one is not.a ≤ x ≤ b or x Î [a, b] implies that both bounds are included.
It seems the exact value has not been found yet, although it is sure to be very large. The article at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skewe's_Number shows some upper and lower bounds; perhaps you can some day do more research into this area, and find better bounds - or even the exact value for this number.
The opposite of lower is upper.