Here's how to subtract 5/11 from 4/9:


Step 1We can't subtract two fractions with different denominators. So you need to get a common denominator. To do this, you'll multiply the denominators times each other... but the numerators have to change, too. They get multiplied by the other term's denominator. So we multiply 4 by 11, and get 44. Then we multiply 5 by 9, and get 45. Next we give both terms new denominators  9 × 11 = 99. So now our fractions look like this:


Step 2Since our denominators match, we can subtract the numerators. 44 − 45 = 1 So the answer is:


Step 3Last of all, we need to simplify the fraction, if possible. Can it be reduced to a simpler fraction? To find out, we try dividing it by 2... No good. 2 is larger than 1. So we're done reducing. There you have it! The final answer is:
