Database softwareStatistical software
Almost any kind of graph can be used to show discrete data: You can use a line graph (most economic data), a bar graph (demographics), a pictogram, a pie chart, a scatter plot, radar. Although 3-d charts can also be used, they are very poor at conveying information because of the difficulty in interpreting depth.
Quantitative data may be used to make a graph or table. Qualitative is easier to explain with numbers or a written description.
Statistics is used to design the experiment (what type of data needs to be obtained and how much), then statistics is used to analyze the data (make inferences and draw conclusions).
A data table is used to organize and display information that are gathered.
It is a spreadsheet.
Atomic mass was used to organize the earliest periodic table.