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the one you're comparing, the y-axis is your control.

Q: Which variable usually goes on the vertical axis?

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The y variable! Sometimes called the dependent variable.

the dependent variable goes on the y- axis

Unless I'm missing something, the y variable goes on the y axis and the x variable goes on the x axis.

The variable that goes on the y axis is the dependent variable. This is the one that you measure, and do not control. The variable that goes on the x axis is the independent variable. This is the one that you control and change throughout the experiment. No other variables feature on the graph.

Please correct me if I misunderstood your question, but a horizontal axis goes from left to right and vice-versa, and a vertical axis goes from bottom to top and vice-versa.

Related questions

The independent variable is by convention drawn on the x (horizontal) axis, with the dependent variable on the y (vertical) axis.

The independent variable typically goes on the x-axis, and the dependent variable goes on the y-axis.

The x axis is horizontal; the y axis is vertical

The variable that goes on the y-axis is the dependent variable, and it is plotted vertically. The y-axis typically represents the response or outcome being measured in a study or experiment.

If there is an independent variable then that goes on the horizontal axis. Otherwise, you decide which way you want to plot them.

When the horizontal variable goes from positive to negative.

Better to plot the subjects' ages on the X-axis (horizontal) and their years of education on the Y-axis (vertical).

The y variable! Sometimes called the dependent variable.

Vertical lines only intersect the x-axis. This means that the equation of a vertical line is x=n. The variable n is the coordinate where on the x-axis the line goes.

The independent variable goes on the x-axis and the dependent variable goes on the y-axis.

the independent variable goes on the x-axis the dependent goes on the y-axis

The independent variable goes on the x axis.