Do not calculate percentage changes when the numbers are negative since they are extremely difficult to interpret.
The change from +100 to -100 is -200%
The change from -100 to +100 is also -200%.
The percentage changes are the same but the underlying change is completely different.
How to calculate the value of a share of a company which is not quoted in the market. Whether the profits transferred to reserved are to be added to the subscribed amount while calculating the value of the share.
Spreadsheets are for manipulating numbers. So anything to do with calculations can be done with a spreadsheet. So dealing with recording and calculating profits is ideal for a spreadsheet.
Profits = revenues - expenses
A+: Wages, rents, interest, profits.
Profits, as a percentage of total sales is 100*profits/value of sales.profit/cost price x 100
Positive would be: increased profits for raw goods. Negative would be: increased costs for making profits as in slave ownership
Simply put, Income less expenses.
Percentage yield is purely for an economic view, you dont want to waste chemicals. purity is for reputation of a drug. impurities have negative effects and decrease potency of a drug.
Usually based on a percentage of the profits.