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Q: How many times greater is the place value of a digit of a number than the place value of the next digit to the right?

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10

It is 'base' times greater, that is 10 times greater if you are looking at a decimal number. Two times greater if you are looking at a binary number. Etc etc

In the decimal system, 10 times.

To round any number, look at the digit to the right of the place you are rounding to. If the digit is 5 or more, change the digit in the place you are rounding to to the next higher digit. If the digit to the right of the place you are rounding to is less than 5, leave the digit in the place you are rounding to as it is. Change all digits to the right of the place you rounded to to zeros. 14.762 rounded to the nearest whole number is 15.

Sometimes it is advantageous to express a value in round numbers. To round to a particular place, look at the digit immediately to the right of the one you want to round to, in this case, the thousandths place. If that digit is 4, 3, 2, 1 or 0, zero it and everything to the right of it out. If that digit is 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9, increase your target digit by one and zero everything to the right of it out. If your target digit is 9, it will become a zero and increase the digit to the left of it by one.

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10

In the decimal place value system, each digit is ten times bigger than the digit on its right

If x - y > 0, then x is greater than y.The greater positive number is the one further from zero.Which number is greater can be worked out on a digit by digit basis:To compare numbers starting with the highest place value column compare the digits, moving right a place value column until either all digits have been considered or one digit is higher than the other - the number with the higher digit is the greater number. (If a place value column is empty, its digit value is 0).

When the digit immediately to the right of your target (the place you're rounding to) is 5 or greater.

Compare one digit at a time, from left to right, until you find a digit that is different. The number with the greater digit in this position is the larger number.

It is 'base' times greater, that is 10 times greater if you are looking at a decimal number. Two times greater if you are looking at a binary number. Etc etc

In the decimal system, 10 times.

Whatever place you are rounding off to, look to the digit to the right of it. If it is 4 or less, the digit you are rounding stays the same and everything to the right of it becomes a zero. If the digit to the right of it is 5 or greater, the number you are rounding becomes one greater and everything to the right of it becomes a zero. For example, if I am rounding to the nearest 100 in each of these. 12348 becomes 12300 74862 becomes 74900

The digit in the tenths place in the number 15.552 is the digit 5 to the right of the decimal point.

To round any number, look at the digit to the right of the place you are rounding to. If the digit is 5 or more, change the digit in the place you are rounding to to the next higher digit. If the digit to the right of the place you are rounding to is less than 5, leave the digit in the place you are rounding to as it is. Change all digits to the right of the place you rounded to to zeros. 14.762 rounded to the nearest whole number is 15.

Sometimes it is advantageous to express a value in round numbers. To round to a particular place, look at the digit immediately to the right of the one you want to round to, in this case, the thousandths place. If that digit is 4, 3, 2, 1 or 0, zero it and everything to the right of it out. If that digit is 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9, increase your target digit by one and zero everything to the right of it out. If your target digit is 9, it will become a zero and increase the digit to the left of it by one.

A number such as the one you wrote doesn't have a "place-value"; the concept of "place-value" applies to each of the digits. The right-most digit has a place-value of 1, the second digit (from the right) has a place-value of 10, the third one has a place-value of 100 (10 squared), the next one has a place-value of 1000 (10 cubed), etc.