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Q: What does this mean Which set of these numbers is closed under subtraction?

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If you mean the set of non-negative integers ("whole numbers" is a bit ambiguous in this sense), it is closed under addition and multiplication. If you mean "integers", the set is closed under addition, subtraction, multiplication.

The set of positive whole numbers is not closed under subtraction! In order for a set of numbers to be closed under some operation would mean that if you take any two elements of that set and use the operation the resulting "answer" would also be in the original set.26 is a positive whole number.40 is a positive whole number.However 26-40 = -14 which is clearly not a positive whole number. So positive whole numbers are not closed under subtraction.

A set is closed under a particular operation (like division, addition, subtraction, etc) if whenever two elements of the set are combined by the operation, the answer is always an element of the original set. Examples: I) The positive integers are closed under addition, because adding any two positive integers gives another positive integer. II) The integers are notclosed under division, because it is not true that an integer divided by an integer is an integer (as in the case of 1 divided by 5, for example). In this case, the answer depends on the definition of "whole numbers". If this term is taken to mean positive whole numbers (1, 2, 3, ...), then the answer is no, they are not closed under subtraction, because it is possible to subtract two positive whole numbers and get an answer that is not a positive whole number (as in the case of 1 - 10 = -9, which is not a positive whole number)

Different sets of numbers have different properties. For example,The set of counting numbers is closed under addition but not under subtraction.The set of integers is closed under addition, subtraction and multiplication but not under division.Rational numbers are closed under all four basic operations of arithmetic, but not for square roots.A set S is "closed" with respect to operation # if whenever x and y are any two elements of S, then x#y is also in S. y = 0 is excluded for division.So, the answer depends on what you mean by "number".

Unfortunately, the term "whole numbers" is somewhat ambiguous - it means different things to different people. If you mean "integers", yes, it is closed. If you mean "positive integers" or "non-negative integers", no, it isn't.

Yes, the whole numbers are closed with respect to addition and multiplication (but not division).The term "whole numbers" is not always consistently defined, but is usually taken to mean either the positive integers or the non-negative integers (the positive integers and zero). In either of these cases, it also isn't closed with respect to subtraction. Some authors treat it as a synonym for "integers", in which case it is closed with respect to subtraction (but still not with respect to division).

The sum of any two whole numbers is a whole number.

it means like you are replasing the numbers and borrowing the number one.

It means that dividing any number in the set by any other number in the set is valid, and that the result is again a member of the set.For example, the set of real numbers is NOT closed under division - you can't divide by zero.The set of real numbers, excluding zero, IS closed under division. Similarly, the set of rational numbers excluding zero is also closed under division.It means that dividing any number in the set by any other number in the set is valid, and that the result is again a member of the set.For example, the set of real numbers is NOT closed under division - you can't divide by zero.The set of real numbers, excluding zero, IS closed under division. Similarly, the set of rational numbers excluding zero is also closed under division.It means that dividing any number in the set by any other number in the set is valid, and that the result is again a member of the set.For example, the set of real numbers is NOT closed under division - you can't divide by zero.The set of real numbers, excluding zero, IS closed under division. Similarly, the set of rational numbers excluding zero is also closed under division.It means that dividing any number in the set by any other number in the set is valid, and that the result is again a member of the set.For example, the set of real numbers is NOT closed under division - you can't divide by zero.The set of real numbers, excluding zero, IS closed under division. Similarly, the set of rational numbers excluding zero is also closed under division.

It means that you can do any of those operations, and again get a number from the set - in this case, a polynomial. Note that if you divide a polynomial by another polynomial, you will NOT always get a polynomial, so the set of polynomials is not closed under division.

subtraction means you have to take away from the number

It means that given a set, if x and y are any members of the set then x+y is also a member of the set. For example, positive integers are closed under addition, but they are not closed under subtraction, since 5 and 8 are members of the set of positive integers but 5 - 8 = -3 is not a positive integer.

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