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Q: What operations are closed for integers?

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I am not sure there are any fundamental operations of integers. The fundamental operations of arithmetic are addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. However, the set of integers is not closed with respect to division: that is, the division of one integer by another does not necessarily result in an integer.

Addition and multiplication are operations on integers that are commutative.

All numbers - integers as well as non-integers - are combined using different mathematical operations. Some operators are binary: that is, they combine two numbers to produce a third; some are ternary (combine 3 to produce a fourth) and so on.The set of integers is closed under some operations: common examples are addition, subtraction, multiplication, exponentiation. But not all operators are: division, for example.

negetive integers are not closed under addition but positive integers are.

No, but they are closed for multiplication.

Related questions

I am not sure there are any fundamental operations of integers. The fundamental operations of arithmetic are addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. However, the set of integers is not closed with respect to division: that is, the division of one integer by another does not necessarily result in an integer.

You don't say that "an integer is closed". It is the SET of integers which is closed UNDER A SPECIFIC OPERATION. For example, the SET of integers is closed under the operations of addition and multiplication. That means that an addition of two members of the set (two integers in this case) will again give you a member of the set (an integer in this case).

Addition and multiplication are operations on integers that are commutative.

All numbers - integers as well as non-integers - are combined using different mathematical operations. Some operators are binary: that is, they combine two numbers to produce a third; some are ternary (combine 3 to produce a fourth) and so on.The set of integers is closed under some operations: common examples are addition, subtraction, multiplication, exponentiation. But not all operators are: division, for example.

Yes, the set of integers is closed under subtraction.

negetive integers are not closed under addition but positive integers are.

No, but they are closed for multiplication.

Part 2

The numbers are not closed under addition because whole numbers, even integers, and natural numbers are closed.

Closure depends on the set as much as it depends on the operation.For example, subtraction is closed for all integers but not for natural numbers. Division by a non-zero number is closed for the rational numbers but not integers.The set {1, 2, 3} is not closed under addition.

That is correct, the set is not closed.

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