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Start with an octahedron in the form of a quadrilateral based dipyramid a regular octahedron is a special case of this). This shape has six vertices - chop these off so as to remove a quadrilateral based pyramid. You will be left with a truncated octahedron. It is an octahedron which has been truncated (shortened) by cutting off its extremities.

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Q: Why is a truncated octahedron called a truncated octahedron?
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