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Oxygen has 6 electrons in its outer shell but attains 8 when it bonds with the two hydrogen atoms in a water molecule. This makes 4 pairs of two. Theelectron geometry is therefore a tetrahedral (4 apices). Because the two hydrogens are attached to two of these apices they form a V shape.

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Q: Why is the electron geometry of a water tetrahedral while molecular geometry is V shaped?
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