P0200 Injector Circuit Malfunction Check the connections to each injector first. Then check voltage to each injector.
A saturated fuel injector is also known as a High Impedance (or High z) fuel injector. The high z injector has a larger ohm draw through the coil (12v-15v) vs. a peak-hold (Low Impedance, Low z) injector, which is 2v-4v. Another difference is the how the injector uses the voltage to open the injector. A high z injector uses the full voltage to open and hold open the injector, therefore it voltage saturated. A low z injector (peak-hold) has a peak of high voltage to open then injector then uses a lower voltage to keep the injector open for the remainder of it's cycle. What this means to you, the low z injectors typically needs a resistor in line to add the necessary resistance to properly drive the system, otherwise the injectors could overheat to fatigue. A high z injector does not need a resistor.
Solenoids are coils of wire that create a magnetic field when an electric current passes through it. These are used in the alternator of a car to create electricity. Solenoids are also used in generators to create electricity in power stations and in transformers to change the voltage of an AC current.
To change the voltage regulator on a 1995 Ford Thunderbird, first you will need to disconnect the battery cables. Then, remove the bolts holding the regulator to the frame of the vehicle and the wires connecting it.
voltage spike, bad computer, dirt/grit in fuel line plugging injector,
Fuel injector is energize by signal composed of pulsed voltage frequency increases as with rpm set by pcm
Bolted to the alternator refered to as an internal regulator
behind and screwed to the speedometer housing
Top of the passenger fender well. Silver box about 4x5 inches.
The regulator for the 1997 Ford Thunderbird is bolted on the back of the alternator. While the regulator can be changed separately it is more commonly changed along with the alternator.
A fuel injector's current draw, measured in amps, is a function of the fuel injector's actual impedance. Your answer is then necessarily dependent upon the impedance of your injectors. To determine your injector's draw, simply divide voltage by ohms. That is, given a 12v circuit and an injector with 12 ohms resistance, the draw is 1 amp (12 divided by 1).
voltage drop means the voltage difference.