Q: What is positive zero error in a micrometer?

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Positive zero error means, instead showing zero it shows some value more than zero. Hence positive. Suppose if it shows some reading say 0.03 units. then while correcting we have to subtract the above from the observed reading. So correction is adding negative error.

There can't be a negative zero. zero is neither negative nor positive.

Suppose say you have plastic rule new one. There you will be having zero marking. When you have to measure the length of a rod then you would keep zero marking at one end of the rod and the marking where the other extreme of the rod is taken to be length of the rod. say it is at 4 cm. So 4cm is the length. And suppose the ruler is an old one whose edge got damaged. Now you don't have zero marking so visible there. So you have keep the end of the rod at say 1 cm marking. Now the error that we commit is known as zero error. Here the error is positive. ie +1 cm. So as the other end of the rod is at 5cm marking then the correct length is got by applying zero correction. As zero error is +1 cm, then zero correction would be -1 cm So the correct length 5-1 ie 4 cm. Same way in case of vernier, if zero of vernier is at left side of zero of main scale, then the zero error is negative. If zero of vernier is right side of zero of main scale then error is +ve as we have seen in the earlier old ruler case. Same way in case of screw gauge as the head scale zero is above pitch line then error is negative and as head scale zero is below pitch line then zero error is positive.

Zero is not negative. It is not positive either.Zero is not negative. It is not positive either.Zero is not negative. It is not positive either.Zero is not negative. It is not positive either.

Take a measurement with nothing in the gauge. That reading is the zero-error.

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.005mm

To take readings from a micrometer screw gauge, first, place the object between the anvil and the spindle. Then, gently rotate the thimble until the object is securely held. Next, read the main scale value aligned with the sleeve and note the number of the smallest division on the thimble to get the final reading.

if the zero of vernier scale lies on the right side of the zero of the main scale , then error is known as a positive error .

In vernier calipers, zero error is when the jaws of the caliper do not close properly when they are in contact without measuring anything, resulting in a measurement that is not accurate. In a micrometer screw gauge, zero error occurs when the flat end of the spindle does not perfectly align with the reference line on the sleeve at zero reading, leading to inaccurate measurements.

This micrometer has zero error.The zero marking on the thimble is below the datum line. So this micrometerhas a positive zero error.In this case we will take the reading on the thimble.Thimble reading = 0.03 mmSo the micrometer has a zero error of +0.03 mm.Whatever reading we take on this micrometer we would have to subtract +0.03 mmThe zero marking on the thimble is above the datum line. So this micrometerhas a negative zero error.In this case we will have to count the number of divisions on the thimble between the zero marking and the datum line.No. of divisions = 3Measurement of each division = 0.01mmSo the micrometer has a zero error of -0.03 mm.Whatever reading we take on this micrometer we would have to subtract -0.03 mm

Positive zero error means, instead showing zero it shows some value more than zero. Hence positive. Suppose if it shows some reading say 0.03 units. then while correcting we have to subtract the above from the observed reading. So correction is adding negative error.

There can't be a negative zero. zero is neither negative nor positive.

There is no negative zero or positive zero, zero is just zero so you can take it off. For example: 3-2-0= just 3-2

The zero error of a screw gauge is the error that occurs when the zero mark of the thimble does not align perfectly with the reference line of the sleeve. This error can lead to incorrect measurements as it affects the starting point of measurement. It is important to calibrate and adjust the screw gauge to eliminate zero error.

if the zero line of vernier scale is not conciding with main scale the zero error exists.Knowing the zero error necessary correction can be made to find correct measurement..Such a correction is called zero correction

zerro error in a spring balance affects the accuracy in the weight. To find zero error in spring balance, you have to first find the least count of the spring balance and then suspend it freely, if the outcome is +1, the zero error is +1 and if it is -1 ,the zero error is -1.

It is a defect in a measuring device (Vernier Callipers & Screw Gauge) & zero error is caused by an incorrect position of the zero point.