they are the inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because he or she is a human being.
a population's geographic distribution is how much of a population is spread throughout an area
Do not read black and whitces books becase blackmagic persons end is teribble.Remember that you are what you think.
CLASS IXSocial Science ProjectsInstructions:A. PROJECT WORK REQUIREMENTSThe project work in Social Science entails the following requirements1. The project work will be of 5 marks in class IX.2. The topics for project work have been specified below.3. In class IX, s tudents will do two projects one from GROUP - I and another from GROUP - II .B. PREPARATION AND SUBMISSION OF PROJECT REPORTAt the month of the JULY each student will submit her/his project report.Following essentials are required to be fulfilled for its preparation and submission-1. The total length of the project report will not be more than 15 - 20 written pages of foolscap size (A-4size).2. The project report will be handwritten and credit will be awarded to original drawings, illustrationsand creative use of materials.3. The students should continuously discuss with the teacher and prepare a draft before finalizing thereport.4. The project report will be presented in a neatly bound simple folder.The project report will be developed and presented in this order. Cover page showing project title, student information, school and year. List of contents with page numbers.. Acknowledgements (acknowledging the institution, offices and libraries visited and persons who havehelped).. Project Overview: Purpose, Aim, Methodology and experiences while doing the project.. Chapters with relevant headings.. Summary and conclusions based on findings.. Planning and activities to be done during the project, if any giving a calendar of activities.. Bibliography: should have the Title, pages referred, author, publisher, year of publication and if awebsite the name of the website with the specific website link which has been used.. All the photographs and sketches should be labelled and acknowledged.. Teacher's evaluation reportGROUP I Social Science related Projects:Do any one only.Project 1 - Imperialism and its impact1. Agriculture and Forestry - Deforestation impact as reflected in environment inthe 18th -20th century.2. Colonialism and its impact on Environment both positive and negative.Project 2 - Pastoral Economy Communities in Asia or Africa1. Choose at least 2 communities from Asia or Africa2. Prepare a photo essay on the life of the community using pictures and drawings3. Describe the impact of colonialization through policies of the colonizers - stepstaken for the development of these communities and impact of colonization on theirdevelopment in the 18th and 19th Centuries.Project 3 -Clothing - A Social History of Development1. Interview different classes of people on the clothes they wore when they wereyoung.2. Trace the trend in clothes worn at work, leisure, sports in the early 19th C andtoday in the World and India3. Trace the impact of colonization on the handloom workers and industry andcompare it with changes in Handloom and Khadi industry since Independence.Project 4 -Women's Role in HistoryChoose 2 women from each field and document their lives, writings and theircontribution. The women are to be chosen from women philosophers, politicalworkers, revolutionaries, lawyers, doctors, soldiers, and social workers of the 19thand 20th century.Project 5 -Project on changing trends in Cinema in the 20th Century1. View at least 15 feature films of different time periods in the 20th century inHindi or regional languages.2. Evaluate the changing values that the film reflects about society.3. Describe the change in the depiction of heroes and heroines over the years in thefilms.4. Write a film review of at least 2 of the films for the newspapers.Project 6 - World Peace and SecurityChoose either of the Armed Forces or Civil Defence Forces in India and study1. The role that they play in India today.2. Collect information about areas where the Force has been called upon tomaintain peace.3. List the International Humanitarian Law and the Universal Declaration of HumanRights.4. Interview at least one officer and soldier to find out what their duties involve andhow they preserve Human Rights and Peace.Project 7 - Population characteristics and change in India1. Collect data and interpret trends, in growth by using maps and graphics of datarelated to 1990-2001 census of population based on male, female, total populationand growth rate.2. Rank the states based on (i) Total population (ii) Male population (iii) Femalepopulation (iv) Growth rateRepresent it using maps. Interpret the maps and draw conclusions.Project 8 - Gender Status ( Sex Ratio pattern and its implications)1. Find out the sex ratio of your school/locality. Represent this data through graphs.2. Analyze the sex ratio pattern for your school classwise and stagewise. If youhave collected the data for your locality analyse it according to income level andfamily size.3. Interview at least 5 children from each stage ( Primary, Upper Primary ,Secondary, Higher Secondary ) or from the families in your locality surveyed, onhow they feel about having equal number of boys and girls in the class and howthose lesser in number feel.Project 9 - Adolescent - Myths and issues1. Prepare a questionnaire for an 18 year old boy/girl2. Questionnaires should cover aspects like(i) Status and freedom at home and school(ii) Ways in which drug abuse, smoking, consuming alcohol, rash driving are viewedand prevented.(iii) Freedom to earn and spend(iv) Views on freedom and independence(v) Preferences and eating habits and concern for nutritional values(vi) Views on sex and reproductive health(vii) Attitude towards external compulsions such as economic and social disparities,gender discrimination, peer pressure etc.Analyse each question and draw conclusions about how adolescents viewthemselves.Project 10 - Population characteristics of my schoolDo a survey from sources like attendance registers/admission forms of children on(i) Age(ii) Religion(iii) Parental education level(iv) Occupation of parents(v) Family size and their sex and ageBased on this write a report analysing of the Population Composition of your schoolwith suitable diagrams and tables.Project 11 - Changing area under forest and its impact on environment(i) Collect data of area under forest in different states of India since 1980 andinterpret the trends.(ii) Collect case studies on shifting agriculture and its impact in India/world.(iii) Collect information on Forest Rights and Environmental Policy of theGovernment in the Eighth, Ninth and Tenth Five Year Plans. Give your views on howthese policies would help/hinder conservation.Project 12 : Conservation of Natural ResourcesCollect information on Bioreserves, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries focusingon the policy of conservation of endangered species.Collect pictures, travel writings, photographs and brochures to describe the specialcharacteristics of these natural reserves.Project 13 : Water ResourcesChoose any one river/water body in India and prepare a project.Some Guidelines are given:1. For Rivers make Maps on the source, course, catchment area, the tributaries,States benefited,2. Collect Data on the length of the river, the frequency of flooding, and Dams andreservoirs on them.3. Geographic features formed by the river along its upper , middle and lowercourse - pictures, drawings etc4. For the water body identify the special characteristics of the water body, itslocation and extent, the geographical and geological history of the formation of thewater body.Pictures and data on depth and area.5. Legends associated with the river, songs related to water and river,6. How the river/water body benefits the people - system of water distribution in anurban or rural area.7. Problems associated with the river/water body.8. Conservation of the river/water body - Traditional or modern method of waterconservation - some methods used.9. Issues related to water such as Big Dam development, contamination andpurification of water, sharing of water resources.Project 14 : Analysing the composition of the Lok SabhaStudy the current composition of the Lok Sabha -1. What is the number of representatives who have studied upto class 10,completed class 12, graduates, post-graduates, and have a professional degree.2. Identify the number of representatives on the basis of religion, caste, sex andage group.3. In the light of a truly representative Lok Sabha, evaluate the composition of thecurrent Lok Sabha and draw your conclusions.Project 15 : Elections in India• Analyze the general election results or elections held in a State for Vidhan sabha.• What were the emerging trends in the voting patterns?• What in your view would have been the reasons for this? Collect the opinion fromvarious resources e.g. newspaper, editorials, interviews and current affairsprogrammes and interviews of ordinary citizens.• Read a few manifestos of political parties - draft a manifesto of your own anddesign an election symbol.Project 16 - Rights.• Write the Bill of Rights of any two countries.• Collect 10 news articles of each country where you find these rights have beenviolated• Write your own Bill of Rights.GROUP II : Disaster Management related Projects :Do any one of the following :PROJECT 17 - Managing Disasters - The Role of StudentsChoose any man made or natural disaster which your area may be vulnerable to e.ggas leaks, building collapse, rail or road accidents, laboratory accidents, healthhazards due to toxic waste disposal , earthquakes, Floods, volcanic eruptions etc.1. Prepare a survey schedule detailing the different areas that are posing threatsdue to the various natural and manmade disasters in and around your school forexample factory/slum/dump yard located nearby.2. Collect the data and prepare a report.3. Develop posters and skits for awareness generation in your school.4. Make a plan to deal with any one of the disasters likely to affect your school.Project 18 : Preparedness for Disasters1. Create activities to make people particularly primary children and school workersaware of disaster mitigation.2. Write a manual of instructions and make kit lists for use by teachers to manage- Laboratory, classroom, corridors and school building security, buses etc.3. Prepare instructions to deal with any accidents in school or in the bus.