Q: Why do exponents need to be the same when using scientific notation?

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Addition and Subtraction in Scientific NotationA number written in scientific notation is written as the product of a number between 1 and 10 and a number that is a power of 10. That is, it is written as a quantity whose coefficient is between 1 and 10 and whose base is 10.Addition and SubtractionOne of the properties of quantities with exponents is that numbers with exponents can be added and subtracted only when they have the same base and exponent. Since all numbers in scientific notation have the same base (10), we need only worry about the exponents. To be added or subtracted, two numbers in scientific notation must be manipulated so that their bases have the same exponent--this will ensure that corresponding digits in their coefficients have the same place value.Multiplying a number by another number with the same base is equivalent to multiplying their coefficients and adding their exponents. Therefore, if we want to add two quantities written in scientific notation whose exponents do not match, we can simply write one of the powers of 10 as the product of two smaller powers of 10 , one of which agrees with the other term.Alternately, if we want to preserve the exponent of the term with the larger power of 10 , we can simultaneously multiply and divide the other term by a power of 10 , applying the rule for multiplication of exponents in one case and dividing the coefficient in the other. It is this procedure that we outline below. Once the numbers have the same base and exponents, we can add or subtract their coefficients.Here are the steps to adding or subtracting numbers in scientific notation :1. Determine the number by which to increase the smaller exponent by so it is equal to the larger exponent.2. Increase the smaller exponent by this number and move the decimal point of the number with the smaller exponent to the left the same number of places. (i.e. divide by the appropriate power of 10 .)3. Add or subtract the new coefficients.4. If the answer is not in scientific notation (i.e. if the coefficient is not between 1 and 10) convert it to scientific notation.Multiplication and Division in Scientific Notation Multiplication and DivisionQuantities with exponents can be multiplied and divided easily if they have the same base. Since all number in scientific notation have base 10 , we can always multiply them and divide them.To multiply two numbers in scientific notation, multiply their coefficients and add their exponents. To divide two numbers in scientific notation, divide their coefficients and subtract their exponents. In either case, the answer must be converted to scientific notation.Here are the steps to multiply two numbers in scientific notation:1. Multiply the coefficients--round to the number of significant figures in the coefficient with the smallest number of significant figures.2. Add the exponents.3. Convert the result to scientific notation.Here are the steps to divide two numbers in scientific notation:1. Divide the coefficients--round to the number of significant figures in the coefficient with the smallest number of significant figures.2. Subtract the exponents.3. Convert the result to scientific notation.

To add or subtract numbers in scientific notation you first need to equalise their exponents. Having done that, you carry out the addition or subtraction on the significands and append the common exponent. Then you adjust the exponent so that the significand is between 1 and 10. For example, 1.234*104 - 2.34*102 (equalise exponents) = 123.4*102 - 2.34*102 (carry out subtraction) = (123.4-2.34)*102 = 121.06*102 (adjust exponent) = 1.2106*104

You don't need to do anything. It is in scientific notation.

what is the product or quotient? i need to know so i can help you!

In this tutorial we are going to combine two ideas that have been discussed in earlier tutorials: exponents and radicals. We will look at how to rewrite, simplify and evaluate these expressions that contain rational exponents. What it boils down to is if you have a denominator in your exponent, it is your index or root number. So, if you need to, review radicals covered in Tutorial 37: Radicals. Also, since we are working with fractional exponents and they follow the exact same rules as integer exponents, you will need to be familiar with adding, subtracting, and multiplying them. If fractions get you down you may want to go to Beginning Algebra Tutorial 3: Fractions. To review exponents, you can go to Tutorial 23: Exponents and Scientific Notation Part I andTutorial 24: Exponents and Scientific Notation Part II. Let's move onto rational exponents and roots.After completing this tutorial, you should be able to:Rewrite a rational exponent in radical notation.Simplify an expression that contains a rational exponent.Use rational exponents to simplify a radical expression.These are practice problems to help bring you to the next level. It will allow you to check and see if you have an understanding of these types of problems. Math works just like anything else, if you want to get good at it, then you need to practice it. Even the best athletes and musicians had help along the way and lots of practice, practice, practice, to get good at their sport or instrument. In fact there is no such thing as too much practice.To get the most out of these, you should work the problem out on your own and then check your answer by clicking on the link for the answer/discussion for that problem. At the link you will find the answer as well as any steps that went into finding that answer.

Related questions

In using scientific notation, you can use the number with the decimal to solve your problem and then factor in the power after the fact.

Using scientific notation reduces the need to write out very large or very small numbers as the following examples show:- 1,000,000,000,000 = 1.0*1012 in scientific notation 0.0000000001 = 1.0*10-10 in scientific notation

If you are adding or subtracting two numbers in scientific notation the exponents must be the same before adding the coefficients. This is similar to 'like terms' in algebraic expressions. You can't add 5x3 and 3x2 because the exponents are not the same.

You multiply each ingredient by 300. There is no need for scientific notation.

This is effectively the same as lining up the decimal points when adding or subtracting ordinary decimal fractions.

You do not simply calculate scientific notation for nothing. You need a number for which you calculate the scientific notation.

Addition and Subtraction in Scientific NotationA number written in scientific notation is written as the product of a number between 1 and 10 and a number that is a power of 10. That is, it is written as a quantity whose coefficient is between 1 and 10 and whose base is 10.Addition and SubtractionOne of the properties of quantities with exponents is that numbers with exponents can be added and subtracted only when they have the same base and exponent. Since all numbers in scientific notation have the same base (10), we need only worry about the exponents. To be added or subtracted, two numbers in scientific notation must be manipulated so that their bases have the same exponent--this will ensure that corresponding digits in their coefficients have the same place value.Multiplying a number by another number with the same base is equivalent to multiplying their coefficients and adding their exponents. Therefore, if we want to add two quantities written in scientific notation whose exponents do not match, we can simply write one of the powers of 10 as the product of two smaller powers of 10 , one of which agrees with the other term.Alternately, if we want to preserve the exponent of the term with the larger power of 10 , we can simultaneously multiply and divide the other term by a power of 10 , applying the rule for multiplication of exponents in one case and dividing the coefficient in the other. It is this procedure that we outline below. Once the numbers have the same base and exponents, we can add or subtract their coefficients.Here are the steps to adding or subtracting numbers in scientific notation :1. Determine the number by which to increase the smaller exponent by so it is equal to the larger exponent.2. Increase the smaller exponent by this number and move the decimal point of the number with the smaller exponent to the left the same number of places. (i.e. divide by the appropriate power of 10 .)3. Add or subtract the new coefficients.4. If the answer is not in scientific notation (i.e. if the coefficient is not between 1 and 10) convert it to scientific notation.Multiplication and Division in Scientific Notation Multiplication and DivisionQuantities with exponents can be multiplied and divided easily if they have the same base. Since all number in scientific notation have base 10 , we can always multiply them and divide them.To multiply two numbers in scientific notation, multiply their coefficients and add their exponents. To divide two numbers in scientific notation, divide their coefficients and subtract their exponents. In either case, the answer must be converted to scientific notation.Here are the steps to multiply two numbers in scientific notation:1. Multiply the coefficients--round to the number of significant figures in the coefficient with the smallest number of significant figures.2. Add the exponents.3. Convert the result to scientific notation.Here are the steps to divide two numbers in scientific notation:1. Divide the coefficients--round to the number of significant figures in the coefficient with the smallest number of significant figures.2. Subtract the exponents.3. Convert the result to scientific notation.

To add or subtract numbers in scientific notation you first need to equalise their exponents. Having done that, you carry out the addition or subtraction on the significands and append the common exponent. Then you adjust the exponent so that the significand is between 1 and 10. For example, 1.234*104 - 2.34*102 (equalise exponents) = 123.4*102 - 2.34*102 (carry out subtraction) = (123.4-2.34)*102 = 121.06*102 (adjust exponent) = 1.2106*104

Addition and Subtraction in Scientific NotationA number written in scientific notation is written as the product of a number between 1 and 10 and a number that is a power of 10 . That is, it is written as a quantity whose coefficient is between 1 and 10 and whose base is 10 .Addition and SubtractionOne of the properties of quantities with exponents is that numbers with exponents can be added and subtracted only when they have the same base and exponent. Since all numbers in scientific notation have the same base (10), we need only worry about the exponents. To be added or subtracted, two numbers in scientific notation must be manipulated so that their bases have the same exponent--this will ensure that corresponding digits in their coefficients have the same place value.Multiplying a number by another number with the same base is equivalent to multiplying their coefficients and adding their exponents. Therefore, if we want to add two quantities written in scientific notation whose exponents do not match, we can simply write one of the powers of 10 as the product of two smaller powers of 10 , one of which agrees with the other term.Alternately, if we want to preserve the exponent of the term with the larger power of 10 , we can simultaneously multiply and divide the other term by a power of 10 , applying the rule for multiplication of exponents in one case and dividing the coefficient in the other. It is this procedure that we outline below. Once the numbers have the same base and exponents, we can add or subtract their coefficients.Here are the steps to adding or subtracting numbers in scientific notation :1.Determine the number by which to increase the smaller exponent by so it is equal to the larger exponent.2.Increase the smaller exponent by this number and move the decimal point of the number with the smaller exponent to the left the same number of places. (i.e. divide by the appropriate power of 10 .)3.Add or subtract the new coefficients.4.If the answer is not in scientific notation (i.e. if the coefficient is not between 1 and 10 ) convert it to scientific notation.Multiplication and Division in Scientific NotationMultiplication and DivisionQuantities with exponents can be multiplied and divided easily if they have the same base. Since all number in scientific notation have base 10 , we can always multiply them and divide them.To multiply two numbers in scientific notation, multiply their coefficients and add their exponents. To divide two numbers in scientific notation, divide their coefficients and subtract their exponents. In either case, the answer must be converted to scientific notation.Here are the steps to multiply two numbers in scientific notation:1.Multiply the coefficients--round to the number of significant figures in the coefficient with the smallest number of significant figures.2.Add the exponents.3.Convert the result to scientific notation.Here are the steps to divide two numbers in scientific notation:1.Divide the coefficients--round to the number of significant figures in the coefficient with the smallest number of significant figures.2.Subtract the exponents.3.Convert the result to scientific notation.

You don't need to do anything. It is in scientific notation.

They normally use exponents, scientific notation and factoring.....i think but not entirely sure! :-/ They normally use exponents, scientific notation and factoring.....i think but not entirely sure! :-/ They normally use exponents, scientific notation and factoring.....i think but not entirely sure! :-/

Such numbers would not need to be written in scientific notation but if need be it is: 1.2345*10^2