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# Which factors must be known to calculate an object's gravitational potential energy?

Updated: 8/9/2023 Wiki User

14y ago

To calculate an object's gravitational potential energy, the following factors must be known:

Mass of the object: The gravitational potential energy of an object depends on its mass. The greater the mass of the object, the greater the gravitational potential energy.

Height or distance: The gravitational potential energy of an object also depends on its height or distance from the reference point. The greater the height or distance of the object from the reference point, the greater the gravitational potential energy.

Acceleration due to gravity: The gravitational potential energy of an object also depends on the acceleration due to gravity at the location of the object. The acceleration due to gravity is a constant value on the surface of the Earth, approximately equal to 9.8 meters per second squared.

The formula for gravitational potential energy is:

PE = mgh

Where PE is the gravitational potential energy, m is the mass of the object, g is the acceleration due to gravity, and h is the height or distance of the object from the reference point. Lvl 2
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PE=mgh. Potential energy is the product of mass x gravity x height.   Wiki User

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height and mass   Wiki User

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height and mass.   Leah Conyers

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Mass and hight of an object   Anonymous

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The mass and height   Earn +20 pts
Q: Which factors must be known to calculate an object's gravitational potential energy?
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Still have questions?  Related questions

### How would you calculate an objects gravitational potential energy?

Multiply its weight by its height.

### What two factors determine an objects gravitational potential energy?

PE=mgh. Potential energy is the product of mass x gravity x height.

### If you multiply an objects weight by its height what value do it compute?

gravitational potential energy!!!!!!

### What is related to an objects height?

Gravitational potential energy

### 6 Put the following objects in order of increasing gravitational potential energies?

They all have the same gravitational potential energies.

### Can an objects mechanical energy be equal to its gravitational potential energy?

Yes. Mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy; this includes gravitational potential energy.

### Which mass has more potential energy?

A more massive objects have a greater gravitational potential energy.

### Can an objects mechanical energy be equal to its gravitational potential energy explain?

Yes. Mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy; this includes gravitational potential energy.

### What is potential energy dependent upon an objects weight and distance from earths surface?

Gravitational potential energy.

### What is the equation for calculating an object's gravitational potential energy?

The equation to calculate an object's gravitation potential energy is: PE=MGH where: PE is gravitational potential energy M is the objects mass G is the acceleration due to the gravitational pull of the Earth on its surface ( 9.8 m/s2) H is the height from the location that would give it zero potentional energy (generally the ground)

### What does an objects gravitational potential energy depend on?

Its mass and the distance from the center of the earth.

### What two factors affect gravitational attraction between objects?

There are two factors that affect the gravitational attraction between two objects. The mass of each object and the distance between their centers of mass are the factors that affect the attraction.