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The general equation for a linear approximation is f(x) ≈ f(x0) + f'(x0)(x-x0) where f(x0) is the value of the function at x0 and f'(x0) is the derivative at x0. This describes a tangent line used to approximate the function.

In higher order functions, the same concept can be applied. f(x,y) ≈ f(x0,y0) + fx(x0,y0)(x-x0) + fy(x0,y0)(y-y0) where f(x0,y0) is the value of the function at (x0,y0), fx(x0,y0) is the partial derivative with respect to x at (x0,y0), and fy(x0,y0) is the partial derivative with respect to y at (x0,y0). This describes a tangent plane used to approximate a surface.

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โˆ™ 2008-11-01 03:43:07
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Q: Equation for linear approximation
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