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No. Cluster sampling and stratifed random sampling are different, though often confused. (They may, however, be used in conjunction in some sampling designs.) Both are types of random sampling.

STRATIFIED sampling involves identifying a variable that will break up your population into separate homogeneous groups (homogeneous in terms of the variable you are interested in). For example, suppose you want to know about the attitudes of kids about their future. Perhaps you have reason to believe this will change with time. If you collected a sample from high schools, you could stratify by grade, giving you 4 relatively homogeneous groups: freshmen, sophomores, juniors, seniors. Then, a common approach is to sample a similar number from each group.

Sometimes, though, separating the groups isn't so clear cut. Perhaps you want to stratify based on religion. You can't tell this from looking at a person. So perhaps you collect sample data and apply strata after the fact! This can be useful, but there are some statistical techniques that require equal (or nearly) sample sizes for the strata.

CLUSTER sampling involves breaking your population into fairly similarly sized groups called clusters (try googling MSE for an example). But now you want each cluster to contain a heterogeneous mix of individuals. Then, you take a random selection of these clusters and completely enumerate inside of those selected clusters. The problem with cluster sampling is that the cluster has now become your sample unit, instead of individuals which is what you probably hoped. This can be used for counting species, or just for contacting certain populations like apartment dwellers, nursing home residents, etc. The clusters could be apartment buildings in a city. So instead of taking a random sample of apartment dwellers, you would actually randomly select a few of the buildings and talk to everyone inside! Often, this is much more cost efficient. :)

Q: Is cluster sampling is a type of stratified random sampling?

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the most commonly type of sampling. a predetermined number of units(sample) from each lot is inspected by attributes.

This type of sampling method is used when data is gathered by sampling individuals from a certain group. For example, a researcher may ask for a sample of 200 students from an ivy league school as a sample for their survey.

sampling techniques? okey, here's what to do... step 1go to google then type whatver you want to rsearch on. step2 read what has come up on wiki answers then i dont know

Accidental sampling is a type of nonprobability sampling which involves the sample being drawn from that part of the population which is close to hand. That is, a sample population selected because it is readily available and convenient. The researcher using such a sample cannot scientifically make generalizations about the total population from this sample because it would not be representative enough. For example, if the interviewer was to conduct such a survey at a shopping center early in the morning on a given day, the people that he/she could interview would be limited to those given there at that given time, which would not represent the views of other members of society in such an area, if the survey was to be conducted at different times of day and several times per week. This type of sampling is most useful for pilot testing.

The answer depends on the type of distribution for the data. It could be the modal class.

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Stratified Random Sampling. Google it. .

random sampling

random sampling

They have used Stratified Sample. Design because stratified sample is a sampling technique in which the researcher divided the entire target population into different subgroups, or strata, and then randomly selects the final subjects proportionally from the different strata. This type of sampling is used when the researcher wants to highlight specific subgroups within the population. So in this Research this technique is used by the researcher.

Stratified sampling is a type of sampling that uses a fair representation of the population by dividing the population into different subgroups or strata and then selecting samples from each stratum in proportion to their size in the population. This method helps ensure that all groups in the population are adequately represented in the final sample.

Sampling involves selecting a subset of individuals or items from a larger population for study. Random sampling is a specific type of sampling method where each individual or item in the population has an equal chance of being selected. In random sampling, the selection of individuals is done purely by chance, reducing bias in the sample.

Simple random sampling.

1. Simple Random Sampling (SRS) - For SRS, every element has an equal probability of being chosen. In fact, any pair, triplet, and so on of elements have an equal chance of random selection. Sometimes, SRS can have problems because the randomness of the sample does not represent the population. For example, a SRS of one hundred people will likely produce about fifty men and fifty women, but it's also possible that there will only be ten men and ninety women selected due to natural sampling variation. 2. Systematic Sampling - For this type of sampling, every nth element is sampled. For example, if names were to be sampled through systematic sampling, every tenth name would be picked from the telephone book. However, this type of sampling may result in an unrepresentative sample of the population. 3. Stratified Sampling - When a population has certain categories, samples can be purposely collected from each strata (category). For example, there may be different strata for age groups if the person sampling is interested in variations between differences in age. One problem with stratified sampling is that it requires a more expensive cost than simple random sampling or systematic sampling. 4. Convenience Sampling - This type of sampling involves drawing the easiest samples to reach from the population. This may include surveying customers outside of a grocery store. Because the sample is limited to a certain time/day, it is unrepresentative of the entire population.

random sampling and select

Sampling is that part of statistical practice concerned with the selection of individual observations intended to yield some knowledge about a population of concern, especially for the purposes of statistical inference. Each observation measures one or more properties (weight, location, etc.) of an observable entity enumerated to distinguish objects or individuals. Survey weights often need to be applied to the data to adjust for the sample design. Results from probability theory and statistical theory are employed to guide practice. In business, sampling is widely used for gathering information about a populationIt is incumbent on the researcher to clearly define the target population. There are no strict rules to follow, and the researcher must rely on logic and judgment. The population is defined in keeping with the objectives of the study.Sometimes, the entire population will be sufficiently small, and the researcher can include the entire population in the study. This type of research is called a census study because data is gathered on every member of the population.Usually, the population is too large for the researcher to attempt to survey all of its members. A small, but carefully chosen sample can be used to represent the population. The sample reflects the characteristics of the population from which it is drawn.Sampling methods are classified as either probability or non-probability. In probability samples, each member of the population has a known non-zero probability of being selected. Probability methods include random sampling, systematic sampling, and stratified sampling. In non-probability sampling, members are selected from the population in some non-random manner. These include convenience sampling, judgment sampling, quota sampling, and snowball sampling. The advantage of probability sampling is that sampling error can be calculated. Sampling error is the degree to which a sample might differ from the population. When inferring to the population, results are reported plus or minus the sampling error. In non probability sampling, the degree to which the sample differs from the population remains unknown.· Random samplingis the purest form of probability sampling. Each member of the population has an equal and known chance of being selected. When there are very large populations, it is often difficult or impossible to identify every member of the population, so the pool of available subjects becomes biased.· Systematic sampling is often used instead of random sampling. It is also called an Nth name selection technique. After the required sample size has been calculated, every Nth record is selected from a list of population members. As long as the list does not contain any hidden order, this sampling method is as good as the random sampling method. Its only advantage over the random sampling technique is simplicity. Systematic sampling is frequently used to select a specified number of records from a computer file.· Stratified sampling is commonly used probability method that is superior to random sampling because it reduces sampling error. A stratum is a subset of the population that share at least one common characteristic. Examples of stratums might be males and females, or managers and non-managers. The researcher first identifies the relevant stratums and their actual representation in the population. Random sampling is then used to select a sufficient number of subjects from each stratum. "Sufficient" refers to a sample size large enough for us to be reasonably confident that the stratum represents the population. Stratified sampling is often used when one or more of the stratums in the population have a low incidence relative to the other stratums.· Convenience sampling is used in exploratory research where the researcher is interested in getting an inexpensive approximation of the truth. As the name implies, the sample is selected because they are convenient. This non-probability method is often used during preliminary research efforts to get a gross estimate of the results, without incurring the cost or time required to select a random sample.· Judgment sampling is a common non-probability method. The researcher selects the sample based on judgment. This is usually an extension of convenience sampling. For example, a researcher may decide to draw the entire sample from one "representative" city, even though the population includes all cities. When using this method, the researcher must be confident that the chosen sample is truly representative of the entire population.· Quota samplingis the non-probability equivalent of stratified sampling. Like stratified sampling, the researcher first identifies the stratums and their proportions as they are represented in the population. Then convenience or judgment sampling is used to select the required number of subjects from each stratum. This differs from stratified sampling, where the stratums are filled by random sampling.· Snowball sampling is a special non-probability method used when the desired sample characteristic is rare. It may be extremely difficult or cost prohibitive to locate respondents in these situations. Snowball sampling relies on referrals from initial subjects to generate additional subjects. While this technique can dramatically lower search costs, it comes at the expense of introducing bias because the technique itself reduces the likelihood that the sample will represent a good cross section from the population.If I were an officer to promote a new flavour of toothpaste yet to be produced, I would use RANDOM SAMPLING METHODØ Random sampling:Random sampling- all members of the population have an equal chance of being selected as part of the sample. You might think this means just standing in the street and asking passers-by to answer your questions. However, there would be many members of the population who would not be in the street at the time you are there; therefore, they do not stand any chance of being part of your sample. To pick a random sample, it is necessary to take all the names on the electoral register (A list of all the people who live in a particular area) and pick out, for example, every fiftieth name. This particular person needs to be interviewed to make the sample truly random. Random sampling is very expensive and time consuming, but gives a true sample of the population.Types of Random sample:A simple random sample is selected so that all samples of the same size have an equal chance of being selected from the population.A self-weighting sample, also known as an EPSEM (Equal Probability of Selection Method) sample, is one in which every individual, or object, in the population of interest has an equal opportunity of being selected for the sample. Simple random samples are self-weighting.Stratified sampling involves selecting independent samples from a number of subpopulations, group or strata within the population. Great gains in efficiency are sometimes possible from judicious stratification.Cluster sampling involves selecting the sample units in groups. For example, a sample of telephone calls may be collected by first taking a collection of telephone lines and collecting all the calls on the sampled lines. The analysis of cluster samples must take into account the intra-cluster correlation which reflects the fact that units in the same cluster are likely to be more similar than two units picked at randomØ Pros and Cons:1. There are lot of bias in Random sampling2. It is feasible and simple as the sampling is done on a random basis.3. Can make sample units in groups.4. Very expensive and time consuming, but gives a true result of the population5. While in toothpaste case, the users can given a sample piece of toothpaste randomly to get the feedback or their opinion from the chosen populationConclusion: Though the Random sampling has couple of de-merits it will help to figure out the result from the chosen population. While all other also may provide the result which may not be best comparing to the sampling method which I have chosen (Random Sampling)

Convenience sampling or quota sampling

Stratified Squamous