There were large mainframe computers and primitive video games. Calculators were in their infancy.
Primitive Calculators was created in 1978.
Because computers can do more than calculators.
Fit in your pocket
There is no primitive language. All languages are fully developed.
No, and no.
Computers in the 1960's were generally used as gigantic calculators. Calculators were just being introduced in the early 1970's so these 'computers' were used to add mathematical equations, but they were very slow and were about the size of a warehouse!
They don't think at all, actually. They do math. Computers are just simply fancy calculators.
Computers and calculators utilize the base 2 because it is easier to program binary numbers (base 2) into the computer than decimal numbers (base 10).
Analog computers were developed in the late 1920s.Digital computers were developed in the early 1940s.