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Q: Can The standard deviation of a distribution be a negative value?

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Any non-negative value.

z-score of a value=(that value minus the mean)/(standard deviation). So if a value has a negative z-score, then it is below the mean.

No. Standard deviation is not an absolute value. The standard deviation is often written as a single positive value (magnitude), but it is really a binomial, and it equals both the positive and negative of the given magnitude. For example, if you are told that for a population the SD is 5.0, it really means +5.0 and -5.0 from the population mean. It defines a region within the distribution, starting at the lower magnitude (-5.0) increasing to zero (the mean), and another region starting at zero (the mean) and increasing up to the upper magnitude (+5.0). Both regions together define the (continuous) region of standard deviation from the mean value.

No standard deviation can not be bigger than maximum and minimum values.

Yes. The z or Standard Normal distribution is symmetric about the value z = 0.

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Yes, it can have any non-negative value.

The standard deviation of a distribution is the average spread from the mean (average). If I told you I had a distribution of data with average 10000 and standard deviation 10, you'd know that most of the data is close to the middle. If I told you I had a distrubtion of data with average 10000 and standard deviation 3000, you'd know that the data in this distribution is much more spread out. dhaussling@gmail.com

Yes. It can have any non-negative value.

For data sets having a normal distribution, the following properties depend on the mean and the standard deviation. This is known as the Empirical rule. About 68% of all values fall within 1 standard deviation of the mean About 95% of all values fall within 2 standard deviation of the mean About 99.7% of all values fall within 3 standard deviation of the mean. So given any value and given the mean and standard deviation, one can say right away where that value is compared to 60, 95 and 99 percent of the other values. The mean of the any distribution is a measure of centrality, but in case of the normal distribution, it is equal to the mode and median of the distribtion. The standard deviation is a measure of data dispersion or variability. In the case of the normal distribution, the mean and the standard deviation are the two parameters of the distribution, therefore they completely define the distribution. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Normal_distribution

If the minimum value is the minimum observed value then it indicates that the distribution goes below the minimum observed value.If the minimum value is the minimum defined for the distribution then it indicates thatthe data do not come from the proposed distribution,estimates for the mean or standard deviation are incorrect, oryou have got a sample which is atypical.

Any non-negative value.

It is the value that is one standard deviation greater than the mean of a Normal (Gaussian) distribution.

z-score of a value=(that value minus the mean)/(standard deviation). So if a value has a negative z-score, then it is below the mean.

idk about normal distribution but for Mean "M" = (overall sum of "x") / "n" frequency distribution: 'M' = Overall sum of (' x ' * ' f ') / overall sum of ( ' f ' ) M = Mean x = Mid Point f = frequiency n = number of variables ALL FOR STANDARD DEVIATION * * * * * A general Normal distribution is usually described in terms of its parameters, and given as N(mu, sigma2) where mu is the mean and sigma is the standard deviation. The STANDARD Normal distribution is the N(0, 1) distribution, that is, it has mean = 0 and variance (or standard deviation) = 1.

Approx 0.0027

Standard deviation is a measure of the dispersion of the data. When the standard deviation is greater than the mean, a coefficient of variation is greater than one. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coefficient_of_variation If you assume the data is normally distributed, then the lower limit of the interval of the mean +/- one standard deviation (68% confidence interval) will be a negative value. If it is not realistic to have negative values, then the assumption of a normal distribution may be in error and you should consider other distributions. Common distributions with no negative values are gamma, log normal and exponential.

The mean is the average value and the standard deviation is the variation from the mean value.

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