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Q: Is f(x) a function

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[fx] is a function of x, it usually used in graphs.

No. You should look to the FX-9860GII for a graphing model that has Natural Input AND Natural Output on it's display.

B- It is a many-to-one function

A cubic.

Let S denote the sample space underlying a random experiment with elements s 2 S. A random variable, X, is defined as a function X(s) whose domain is S and whose range is a set of real numbers, i.e., X(s) 2 R1. Example A: Consider the experiment of tossing a coin. The sample space is S = fH; Tg. The function X(s) = ½ 1 if s = H ¡1 if s = T is a random variable whose domain is S and range is f¡1; 1g. Example B: Let the set of all real numbers between 0 and 1 be the sample space, S. The function X(s) = 2s ¡ 1 is a random variable whose domain is S and range is set of all real numbers between ¡1 and 1. A discrete random variable is one whose range is a countable set. The random variable defined in example A is a discrete randowm variable. A continuous random variable is one whose range is not a countable set. The random variable defined in Example B is a continiuos random varible. A mixed random variable contains aspects of both these types. For example, let the set of all real numbers between 0 and 1 be the sample space, S. The function X(s) = ½ 2s ¡ 1 if s 2 (0; 1 2 ) 1 if s 2 [ 1 2 ; 1) is a mixed random variable with domain S and range set that includes set of all real numbers between ¡1 and 0 and the number 1. Cummulative Distribution Function Given a random variable X, let us consider the event fX · xg where x is any real number. The probability of this event, i.e., Pr(X · x), is simply denoted by FX(x) : FX(x) = Pr(X(s) · x); x 2 R1: The function FX(x) is called the probability or cumulative distribution fuction (CDF). Note that this CDF is a function of both the outcomes of the random experiment as embodied in X(s) and the particular scalar variable x. The properties of CDF are as follows: ² Since FX(x) is a probability, its range is limited to the interval: 0 · FX(x) · 1. ² FX(x) is a non-decreasing function in x, i.e., x1 < x2 Ã! FX(x1) · FX(x2): 1 ² FX(¡1) = 0 and FX(1) = 1. ² For continuous random variables, the CDF fX(x) is a unifromly continuous function in x, i.e., lim x!xo FX(x) = FX(xo): ² For discrete random variables, the CDF is in general of the form: FX(x) = X xi2X(s) piu(x ¡ xi); x 2 R1; where the sequence pi is called the probability mass function and u(x) is the unit step function. Probability Distribution Function The derivative of the CDF FX(x), denoted as fX(x), is called the probability density function (PDF) of the random variable X, i.e. fX(x) = dF(x) dx ; x 2 R1: or, equivalently the CDF can be related to the PDF via: FX(x) = Z x ¡1 fX(u)du; x 2 R1: Note that area under the PDF curve is unity, i.e., Z 1 ¡1 fX(u)du = FX(1) ¡ FX(¡1) = 1 ¡ 0 = 1 In general the probability of a random variable X(s) taking values in the range x 2 [a; b] is given by: Pr(x 2 [a; b]) = Z b a fX(x)dx = FX(b) ¡ FX(a): For discrete random variables the PDF takes the general form: fX(x) = X xi2X(s) pi±(x ¡ xi): Specifically for continuous random variables: Pr(x = xo) = FX(x+ o ) ¡ FX(x¡o ) = 0: 2

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[fx] is a function of x, it usually used in graphs.

The fx at the start of the formula bar is for functions. By clicking on the fx, you can open the Insert Function dialog box and choose a function for your formula.

Fx represents functions. It is on the Formula Bar and on the Insert Function Button. Clicking on it starts the process of allowing you to enter a function.

The Fx icon.

7

Yes.

y=x

29

It depends on whether fx denotes frequency times variable value or the probability generating function for the variable x.

No. You should look to the FX-9860GII for a graphing model that has Natural Input AND Natural Output on it's display.

If it were written in a book of some sort, fx or f(x) is read aloud as "f or x". "f" is a function of some variable, "x". By function it means something happens to x e.g. x2 or 3x+4.

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