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Actually electric field is the region around an

electric charge in which it exerts force on other charges. Being a region in space it is scalar quantity.

But if we talk about electric field intensity it is the force which a unit charge feels in the electric field of another charged particle. Since Force is vector quantity, and a vector divided by a scalar remains a vector, therefore it is a vector quantity. Given by,

E=F/q

where E and F are vectors electric field intensity and force respectively. and q is charge.

Q: Electric field is a vector or scalar?

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The strength of the electric field is a scalar quantity. But it's the magnitude of thecomplete electric field vector.At any point in space, the electric field vector is the strength of the force, and thedirection in which it points, that would be felt by a tiny positive charge located there.

No,because electric field (force/charge) is a vector quantity, i.e. , it has both magnitude as well as direction.

Vector.

A scalar times a vector is a vector.

Direction of the electric field vector is the direction of the force experienced by a charged particle in an external electric field.

Related questions

The strength of the electric field is a scalar quantity. But it's the magnitude of thecomplete electric field vector.At any point in space, the electric field vector is the strength of the force, and thedirection in which it points, that would be felt by a tiny positive charge located there.

Electric potential is a scalar.

Scalar

Electric field is a vector quantity, as it has both magnitude and direction. The direction of the electric field at a point is the direction of the force that a positive test charge would experience if placed at that point.

The strength of the electric field is a scalar quantity. But it's the magnitude of thecomplete electric field vector.At any point in space, the electric field vector is the strength of the force, and thedirection in which it points, that would be felt by a tiny positive charge located there.

No,because electric field (force/charge) is a vector quantity, i.e. , it has both magnitude as well as direction.

Electric flux is a scalar quantity, as it represents the amount of electric field passing through a given area. It does not have a direction associated with it, unlike vector quantities.

Vector.

No, electric flux is a scalar quantity. It represents the total number of electric field lines passing through a given surface.

Electrostatic potential is a scalar quantity. It represents the potential energy per unit charge at a given point in an electric field.

Electric potential is a scalar quantity since work done and charge are scalars

The potential gradient is a vector quantity. It represents the rate of change of the scalar electric potential with respect to position in space.