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Sometimes a population consists of a number of subsets (strata) such that members within any particular strata are alike while difference between strata are more than simply random variations. In such a case, the population can be split up into strata. Then a stratified random sample consists of simple random samples, with the same sampling proportion, taken within each stratum.

Q: What is the difference between a simple random sample and a stratified random sample?

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The main difference is that the way of selecting a sample Random sample purely on randomly selected sample,in random sample every objective has a an equal chance to get into sample but it may follow heterogeneous,to over come this problem we can use stratified Random Sample Here the difference is that random sample may follow heterogeneity and Stratified follows homogeneity

In a stratified sample, the sampling proportion is the same for each stratum. In a random sample it should be but, due to randomness, need not be.

random sample is a big sample and convenience sample is small sample

Stratified random sampling is a sampling scheme which is used when the population comprises a number of strata, or subsets, which are similar within the strata but differ from one stratum to another. One example is school children stratified according to classes, or salaries stratified by departments.A simple random sample may not have enough representatives from each stratum and the solution is to use stratified random sampling. Under this scheme, the overall sampling proportion (sample size/population size) is determined and a sample is drawn from each stratum which represents the same proportion.

Basically in a stratified sampling procedure, the population is first partitioned into disjoint classes (the strata) which together are exhaustive. Thus each population element should be within one and only one stratum. Then a simple random sample is taken from each stratum, the sampling effort may either be a proportional allocation (each simple random sample would contain an amount of variates from a stratum which is proportional to the size of that stratum) or according to optimal allocation, where the target is to have a final sample with the minimum variabilty possible. The main difference between stratified and cluster sampling is that in stratified sampling all the strata need to be sampled. In cluster sampling one proceeds by first selecting a number of clusters at random and then sampling each cluster or conduct a census of each cluster. But usually not all clusters would be included.

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The main difference is that the way of selecting a sample Random sample purely on randomly selected sample,in random sample every objective has a an equal chance to get into sample but it may follow heterogeneous,to over come this problem we can use stratified Random Sample Here the difference is that random sample may follow heterogeneity and Stratified follows homogeneity

In a stratified sample, the sampling proportion is the same for each stratum. In a random sample it should be but, due to randomness, need not be.

The main difference between the quota and stratified sampling is that in the stratified sampling the researcher can not select the individuals to be included in the sample (he doesn't have control over who will be in the simple), but in the quota sampling the researcher has control over who will be in the sample (he can contact certain people and include them in the sample).

random sample is a big sample and convenience sample is small sample

stratified random sampling is a sample(strata) that a same and hemogenieous in group and that a different and heterogenious in group

In (Simple) random sampling, all of the units in the sample have the same chance of being included in the sample. Units are selected randomly from a population by some random method that gives equal probability to each element. In stratified random sampling, the entire population is divided into heterogeneous sub-popuation known as strata (sub-population with unequal variances) and a random sample is chosen from each of these stratum. The reason when to use which depends on the situation and need of the experimenter.

Stratified random sampling is a sampling scheme which is used when the population comprises a number of strata, or subsets, which are similar within the strata but differ from one stratum to another. One example is school children stratified according to classes, or salaries stratified by departments.A simple random sample may not have enough representatives from each stratum and the solution is to use stratified random sampling. Under this scheme, the overall sampling proportion (sample size/population size) is determined and a sample is drawn from each stratum which represents the same proportion.

Equal representation for all groups.

A sample needs to be random and if not a simple random sample of the whole population then a stratified random sample (there are different ways to stratify). Otherwise the study is a waste of time.

Basically in a stratified sampling procedure, the population is first partitioned into disjoint classes (the strata) which together are exhaustive. Thus each population element should be within one and only one stratum. Then a simple random sample is taken from each stratum, the sampling effort may either be a proportional allocation (each simple random sample would contain an amount of variates from a stratum which is proportional to the size of that stratum) or according to optimal allocation, where the target is to have a final sample with the minimum variabilty possible. The main difference between stratified and cluster sampling is that in stratified sampling all the strata need to be sampled. In cluster sampling one proceeds by first selecting a number of clusters at random and then sampling each cluster or conduct a census of each cluster. But usually not all clusters would be included.

Basically in a stratified sampling procedure, the population is first partitioned into disjoint classes (the strata) which together are exhaustive. Thus each population element should be within one and only one stratum. Then a simple random sample is taken from each stratum, the sampling effort may either be a proportional allocation (each simple random sample would contain an amount of variates from a stratum which is proportional to the size of that stratum) or according to optimal allocation, where the target is to have a final sample with the minimum variabilty possible. The main difference between stratified and cluster sampling is that in stratified sampling all the strata need to be sampled. In cluster sampling one proceeds by first selecting a number of clusters at random and then sampling each cluster or conduct a census of each cluster. But usually not all clusters would be included.

Stratified Random Sampling: obtained by separating the population into mutually exclusive (only belong to one set) sets, or stratas, and then drawing simple random samples (a sample selected in a way that every possible sample with the same number of observation is equally likely to be chosen) from each stratum.