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A complex number (z = x + iy) can be plotted the x-y plane if we consider the complex number the point (x,y) (where x is the real part, and y is the imaginary part). So once you plot the complex number on the x-y plane, draw a line from the point to the origin. The Principle Argument of z (denoted by Arg z) is the measure of the angle from the x-axis to the line (made from connecting the point to (0,0)) in the interval (-pi, pi]. The difference between the arg z and Arg z is that arg z is an countably infinite set. And the Arg z is an element of arg z. Why? : The principle argument is needed to change a complex number in to polar representation. Polar representation makes multiplication of complex numbers very easy. z^2 is pretty simple: just multiply out (x+iy)(x+iy). But what about z^100? This is were polar represenation helps us, and to get into this representation we need the principle argument. I hope that helped.

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Q: Why and what is principle argument of complex number?

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The square root of a positive real number can either be +/-. The principle square root is defined as the positive value. sqrt(9) is +/- 3, but the principle square root of 9 is 3. For complex numbers the principle square root is the argument (or angle) of the complex number that lies between (-pi,pi]. I am pretty sure that the upper angle pi is closed while the lower angle -pi is open, but not 100%.

Because the trigonometric functions (sine and cosine) are periodic, with period 2*pi. If the argument were not restricted, you would have an infinite number of answers. You could, of course, restrict the argument to any interval of size 2*pi: 3.5pi to 5.5pi, for example.

Adjoint operator of a complex number?

The imaginary part of the complex number –5 + 3i is

A complex number is a number of the form a + bi, where a and b are real numbers and i is the principal square root of -1. In the special case where b=0, a+0i=a. Hence every real number is also a complex number. And in the special case where a=0, we call those numbers pure imaginary numbers. Note that 0=0+0i, therefore 0 is both a real number and a pure imaginary number. Do not confuse the complex numbers with the pure imaginary numbers. Every real number is a complex number and every pure imaginary number is a complex number also.

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The square root of a positive real number can either be +/-. The principle square root is defined as the positive value. sqrt(9) is +/- 3, but the principle square root of 9 is 3. For complex numbers the principle square root is the argument (or angle) of the complex number that lies between (-pi,pi]. I am pretty sure that the upper angle pi is closed while the lower angle -pi is open, but not 100%.

PRINCIPAL ARGUMENT = ARGUMENT + 2nPI arg(Z) = Arg (Z) + 2nPI

Argument Hopes this help!!

This is best done if the complex number is in polar coordinates - that is, a distance from the origin, and an angle. Take the square root of the argument (the absolute value) of the complex number; and half the angle.

arg(-2-i) = sqrt[22 + 12] = sqrt(5)

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Answer this question Malthusian principle…

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Because the trigonometric functions (sine and cosine) are periodic, with period 2*pi. If the argument were not restricted, you would have an infinite number of answers. You could, of course, restrict the argument to any interval of size 2*pi: 3.5pi to 5.5pi, for example.

That's not a "mathematical principle", it is an approximation of the number pi.That's not a "mathematical principle", it is an approximation of the number pi.That's not a "mathematical principle", it is an approximation of the number pi.That's not a "mathematical principle", it is an approximation of the number pi.

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