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7 liters of a 20% acid solution consists of 1.4 liters of acid (20% of the total volume) mixed with 5.6 liters of water (80% of the total volume). The amount of acid isn't going to change in the new solution. You are just going to add enough water to make it a 10% solution instead of a 20% solution. So it will be more dilute. That means that 1.4 liters of acid will represent 1/10 of the volume of the new solution. So the total volume of the new solution will be 10 x 1.4 or 14 liters. The amount of water in the new solution will be 14 - 1.4 = 12.6 liters. That is a difference of 12.6 - 5.6 = 7 liters from the amount of water you started with. So you need to add 7 liters of water to the original 20% solution to make it a 10% solution. This makes sense because if you double the amount of the mixture from 7 liters to 14 liters and the amount of acid is unchanged, the solution will be half as strong.

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โˆ™ 2009-12-31 19:57:50
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Q: How many liters of water must be added to 7 liters of a 20 percent acid solution to obtain a 10 percent acid solution?
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