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4.5 litres of a 30% solution to the appropriate quantity of the 90% solution.

Q: How many liters of a 30 solution should be added to a 90 solution to make 18 liters of a 75 solution?

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0.05 litres.

4.84

42

98 mL

You take y liters of the solution and put it into a bucket or container. You then put y (same amount as before) liters of water in the same container, and voila! You now have a container with 50 percentile solution, 50 percentile water.

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0.05 litres.

30 liters of a 10 % solution of fertilizer has .1(30) = 3 liters of fertilizer 1 liter of 30% solution has .3 liter of fertilizer 10 liters of 30% solution has 3 liters of fertilizer so, the chemist needs 10 liters of the 30% solution and 20 liters of water to make 30 liters of a 10% solution.

2%

363 liters

7 liters of a 20% acid solution consists of 1.4 liters of acid (20% of the total volume) mixed with 5.6 liters of water (80% of the total volume). The amount of acid isn't going to change in the new solution. You are just going to add enough water to make it a 10% solution instead of a 20% solution. So it will be more dilute. That means that 1.4 liters of acid will represent 1/10 of the volume of the new solution. So the total volume of the new solution will be 10 x 1.4 or 14 liters. The amount of water in the new solution will be 14 - 1.4 = 12.6 liters. That is a difference of 12.6 - 5.6 = 7 liters from the amount of water you started with. So you need to add 7 liters of water to the original 20% solution to make it a 10% solution. This makes sense because if you double the amount of the mixture from 7 liters to 14 liters and the amount of acid is unchanged, the solution will be half as strong.

1,440 ml needs to be added.

4.84

42

How much acid and chlorine should be added to a 5000 liter to make 5 ppm solution

98 mL

The chemist will use 100 liters of the 80% acid solution and 100 liters of the 30% acid solution to make a 200-liter solution that is 62% acid. The amount of acid in the 80% solution will be 0.8 * 100 = 80 liters, and in the 30% solution, it will be 0.3 * 100 = 30 liters.

Let's say the total solution is 100 liters. 50 of the liters is glucose and 50 is water. We want to make the 50 glucose equal to 10% of the total solution. For that to happen, we need to make the total solution 500 liters (50 of the 500 would be a 10% solution). So we add 400 liters of water to the original 100 liter (50/50) solution. Take the total number of units and multiply by 4. Add that much in water.